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Chinese4/16/2019English
經文:申命記四章
鑰節:「哪一大國的人有上帝與他們相近,像耶和華──我們的上帝在我們求告他的時候與我們相近呢﹖」(4:7)
提要

        摩西的歷史回顧就在本章這段美妙的勸誡中結束。全段所強調的是要以色列人順服的服事上帝,摩西舉了許多他們應要順服至高之主的理由,並為他即將宣讀的律法舖路。在結束本章以前,摩西也樹立了順服上帝的榜樣,照著上帝的命令(4:41~43;民35:14)在約但河東設立三座逃城。

        摩西根據上帝的偉大,和祂為以色列人所施行大能的作為,來呼籲以色列人順服上帝;特別是上帝仁慈的將他們從埃及為奴之地拯救出來,又在西乃山的火焰中親口對他們頒佈十誡,因為愛他們列祖──特別是亞伯拉罕──的緣故,與他們立約。並且,上帝顯這些事給以色列人看是「要使你知道惟有耶和華祂是上帝,除祂以外,再無別上帝」(4:35)。第二個,摩西要他們順服的理由是上帝律法的完全,因為很明顯的,沒有別國曾領受上帝親賜的律例典章(4:8)。再者,以色列人要順服上帝最重要的理由是,上帝的確又真又活的在以色列人當中,祂是可接近的上帝(4:7)。沒有其他的神像耶和華,因為外邦的神都屬虛無。惟獨以色列的上帝會垂聽並應允人的祈禱,因為祂住在祂的百姓當中(參詩46:1、5)。以色列人多麼有殊榮;今天透過耶穌基督與上帝建立新約關係的我們更是多麼的榮幸!

        摩西也驅策以色列人,在迦南地定居後,要謹守遵行上帝的律法。他們要知道,那些律法不是僅為一段時期,而是為所有將來的子子孫孫而頒佈的。所以摩西警告他們要謹慎,不可或忘,更不可更改律法,乃要將律法原原本本的傳給他們的子孫。此點顯示出父母親在家中以上帝的話語教導兒女的重要性。沒有一件事可取代家中這段特別的靈修時光。

        在本章我們也看到人應順服上帝律法的種種動機,有積極的,也有消極的。積極方面:順服帶來生命、豐富的產業、智慧、與上帝親近、得享上帝之約的祝福、及有關公義的知識。消極方面:悖逆帶來死亡、毀滅、上帝的怒氣和審判。

        摩西在這段演說中預言上帝的選民將陷入拜偶像的罪。他一再警告他們勿犯此罪,並解釋道,當他們在火中聽見上帝的聲音時,他們並沒有看到任何形像,所以他們也不得雕刻偶像,向偶像下拜(4:15~16;參出20:4~5;約1:18;4:24)。然而,在往後的日子堙A以色列人卻犯此大忌,惹動上帝的怒氣,導致以色列國的滅亡和人民的流亡。不過,摩西也補充說明上帝是有恩典、有憐憫的,絕不會忘記祂和亞伯拉罕所立的約和所做的應許。他事先告訴以色列人,當他們被擄至別國後,「你們在那堨眼M求耶和華你的上帝。你盡心、盡性尋求祂的時候,就必尋見」(4:29)。也因此之故,上帝會重新與他們立約,復興以色列國。即使他們身處遙遠的異邦,上帝仍會聽他們懇切的祈求。從這塈畯怓搢鴗W帝的慈愛何等深廣。

禱告

        主啊,謝謝您賜給我們這一代您的話語,求您幫助我們為人父母、祖父母、伯叔、姑姨和鄰居的,能忠心的將您的話傳給我們的後代。奉主耶穌基督聖名,阿們!

English

Scriptures:Read Deuteronomy 4
Key Verse:“For what great nation is there that has God so near to it, as the Lord our God is to us, for whatever reason we may call upon Him?”(Deuteronomy 4:7 )
Overview

        Moses’ historical review closes with this wonderful chapter of exhortation. The emphasis throughout is for Israel to serve God in obedience. Several reasons are given that warrant this obedience to their sovereign God, providing a necessary prelude to the laws He would soon declare in confirming the covenant. Before the close of the chapter, Moses himself was an example of obedience to God by setting up the three cities of refuge in Transjordan as the Lord had commanded (4:41-43; Num.35:14).

        Moses based his appeal for obedience upon the greatness of God and His mighty deeds on their behalf, especially in graciously delivering them from bondage in Egypt and in speaking the Commandments to them from within the fire on Sinai, thus making a covenant with them because of His love for their fathers, the patriarchs, especially for Abraham. All this had been shown to Israel that they “might know that the Lord Himself is God; there is none other besides Him” (4:35). A second appeal for obedience was based on the perfection of His Law, for it was clearly evident that no other nation had a divinely given code (4:8). Most importantly, the appeal was made because their God was indeed true and present among them; He was accessible (4:7). No other god was like this, for the gods of other nations were false. Only the God of Israel could hear and answer prayer, for He dwelt among His people (cf. Ps.46:1, 5). What a privileged people the Israelites were, and what a privileged people we are today to be in the new covenant with God Through His Son Jesus Christ.

        The Israelites were to be motivated to keep the laws of God when they entered the land and settled. They were to know that these laws were not just for that period of time, but for all their generations to come. Therefore, they were warned to be careful not to forget, nor change the Law, but to pass it on in its original form to their children and grandchildren (4:9). This shows the importance of parents teaching their children the Word of God within the home. Nothing can replace these special time within the family.

        We see in this chapter several different motives offered for obedience to God’s Law, both positively and negatively: Positively, obedience leads to life, a rich inheritance, wisdom, closeness with God, enjoyment of the blessings of the covenant, and knowledge of righteousness. Negatively, disobedience leads to death, destruction, God’s wrath, and judgment.

        Moses prophesied in this discourse to God’s chosen people that they would fall into the sin of idolatry. He repeatedly warned them concerning this evil. He explained that when they heard God’s voice from the midst of the fire, they saw no form, so neither were they to make any carved images to which they would bow down (4:15-16; cf. Ex.20:4, 5; John 1:18; 4:24). Yet later in their history, Israel did this very thing, provoking God’s wrath and leading to their national destruction and exile (4:25-28). However, Moses explained that their God was compassionate and merciful, never forgetting His covenant and promise to Abraham. He foretold that while in exile, “you will seek the Lord your God, and you will find Him if you seek Him with all your heart and with all your soul” (4:29). Because of this, God would renew His covenant with them and bring restoration. He would hear their desperate prayers, even in a distant, heathen land. Here we see expounded the graciousness and love of God.

Prayer

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        Lord, thank You for Your Word to our generation. Please give us the necessary dedication as parents, grandparents, uncles, aunts, and neighbors to pass on Your Word to future generation.


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