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Chinese8/15/2019English
經文:歷代志上三、四章
鑰節:「雅比斯求告以色列的上帝說,甚願您賜福與我,擴張我的境界,常與我同在,保佑我不遭患難,不受艱苦。上帝就應允他所求的。」(4:10)
提要

        歷代志上第三章的家譜,繼續記錄猶大支派中大衛王室之祖先。大衛的眾子,他不同妻子所生的,都被記上了。六個是他在希伯崙統治猶大族時生的,但很可悲,其中三人年輕時就遭到慘死:暗嫩強暴了他異母所生的妹妹他瑪,被押沙龍所殺(撒下13:14;28:29);押沙龍在對自己父親叛亂時被大衛軍隊的將領約押所殺(撒下18:14);而亞多尼雅則因叛國罪被所羅門所殺。

        大衛在耶路撒冷作王的三十三年還生了其他的兒子。其中有一人所羅門,由他的妻子拔示巴所生,是他的繼承者。他是最富有、最智慧的王,為耶路撒冷帶來了黃金年代。但在所羅門兒子與其繼承者羅波安的統治下,王國分裂為北(以色列)南(猶大)兩部份,此後,世系中只記載大衛之後的猶大王;而北國以色列的諸王,雖有好些代,但都作惡和拜偶像的,則完全沒有記錄。猶大王中則有幾位像大衛一樣,是敬虔的。他們帶來大復興,並領導政治與靈性的革新。其中有亞撒、約沙法、希西家與約西亞。

        最後一位在耶路撒冷王位上的大衛後裔是西底家。他瞎眼,以致於被尼布甲尼撒王俘擄(王下25)。但是上帝並沒有忘記大衛的後裔和猶大其他被擄分散的人;因為他們的名字都被記在祂的聖經上。上帝的眷顧和慈愛的眼目仍留在祂的子民身上,即使他們流浪異國,祂也沒有忘記祂對大衛後裔將要做王的應許(撒下7:16)。因為真正至高的王,大衛的子孫彌賽亞,終將臨世。猶太人的天性,便是能夠妥慎保管王室的家譜。因此,即使波斯人統治了他們,也沒有為他們立王;大衛後裔成了他們內部的領袖。其中有一位叫所羅巴伯,是早期歸回之人的統治者。在這漫長的時間中,他們一直等待大衛後裔的彌賽亞。可悲的是,就是有許多猶太人在耶穌時代不承認祂就是歷代期待的那一位。

        代上四章提供了擴充增補的族譜,說到猶大族和西緬支派逐漸增多,成為猶大國較大的一族(書19:1~9)。西緬支派因為他們的領袖殘酷地屠殺示劍的族人,而被上帝判為須流散各國。(創34:24-30;49:5~7)。

        在這漫長且有些單調的姓名錄上,插入二句新鮮而有趣的歷史經節,就是一位名叫雅比斯的人(4:9~10鑰節)。他是一個重要人物(有一城便以他為名,見2:55),而他被提列時也很尊高:「比他的眾兄弟更享榮耀。」不但他的同胞尊重他,上帝亦然。因為上帝答應了他的禱告,並感動聖經的執筆人說到了他。還有一個令人驚異的例子,上帝應允,凡榮耀祂的,祂也榮耀他。

        雅比斯的禱告證明他是有信心的人。雖然他的名字意為:「他給人痛苦」(似乎指著他出生時的不順,比一般嬰兒出生時為烈),但雅比斯卻能藉著上帝的力量,克服他名字的意義,不但未對他人造成痛苦,反而成了祝福。

        雅比斯是一位聰明,有遠見又溫柔的人。他的第一個願望是得到更多屬靈的福氣(參弗1:3)。其次,便是他企求成功的雄心。他為這事向上帝祈求,因為他知道必須得上帝的幫助,他的產業才能擴增,並榮耀祂。他了解自己的需要,也和世人一樣有某些共同願望,但他更切求上帝保守他脫離凶惡,不叫他陷入試探。常有一些像雅比斯的人,擁有比常人多的雄心和權力,卻易於脫離正道。他們忽視了生命中真正重要的東西,成為物質主義者,而陷入罪中。我們卻在經上讀到,上帝應允了雅比斯的禱告,使他在溫柔與雄心之間掌握了完美的平衡。(參太5:5)

        在舊約中,土地是上帝給祂子民的恩賜。一個人,控制了大量的土地,便被認為是上帝的賜福,因為所有的土地原本屬祂(今日也是一樣)。祂也應允凡蒙福得著的人,從中得益。今天,我們祈求一塊擴大的地,應從屬靈的意義,而不應從物質的意義來看。上帝甚願擴增的事工,擴充祂的國度,所以我們的心也該夠大,來接受更多上帝的引導。

        雅比斯發現了秘訣:祈禱的確是有能力和影響的。(參雅5:16)它打開了上帝的心,也癱瘓了撒但的手。上帝應允了雅比斯的祈禱,包括一切賜福,永久扶持庇祐。上帝至高的手和祂的顯現、引領、保護、和扶持,祂的子民今日也可以感覺得到。祂確是我們一切的需要和滿足。因此需要禱告,祈求上帝的賜福。這非常重要!我們的主耶穌賜福給一切帶到祂面前的孩童。追蹤這些孩童的成長歷史,將是多麼有趣。上帝真的會引導他們有一個光輝的未來,成為偉大而敬虔的人物。

禱告

        主阿!今天我們為了自己的生活禱告和雅比斯相同的話語。(請把鑰節的話讀一遍,並化作禱告)。

English

Scriptures:Read 1 Chronicles 3 &4
Key Verse:"And Jabez called on the God of Israel saying, 'Oh, that You would bless me indeed, and enlarge my territory, that Your hand would be with me, and that You would keep me from evil, that I may not cause pain!' So God granted him what he requested."(1 Chronicles 4:10)
Overview

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        The genealogy continues in 1 Chronicles 3 to establish the ancestry of the royal family of David from the tribe of Judah. David's sons, born of his different wives, are listed. Six were born while he reigned over the tribe of Judah in Hebron, but sadly, three of them had violent deaths while still young men: Amnon raped his half sister Tamar, so her full brother Absalom killed him; Absalom was killed in his revolt against his father by Joab, the commander of David's army, and Adonijah was killed by Solomon for treason.

        David had other sons born to him during his thirty-three year reign in Jerusalem. Among them was his successor Solomon, by his wife Bathsheba. He was the wealthiest and wisest king who brought the golden age to Jerusalem, but during the reign of Solomon's son and successor, Rehoboam, the kingdom was divided into the Northern Kingdom (Israel) and the Southern Kingdom (Judah). From this point on, only the kings of Judah from the one Davidic dynasty are listed; the kings of Israel to the north, which were from many different dynasties, all did evil and were idolatrous. Many of the kings of Judah, however, were godly, like David. They brought great revival and led in political and spiritual reformation. Among them were Asa, Jehoshaphat, Hezekiah, and Josiah.

        The last king on the throne in Jerusalem from the line of David was Zedekiah, who was blinded and led into captivity by Nebuchadnezzar (2 Kings 25). God, however, did not forget David's line nor the other captives of Judah while they were scattered, for their names were recorded in His Holy Word. God's watchful and loving eye remained on His people, even during their exile — a period of punishment. Nor did He forget His promise to David concerning a lasting dynasty (2 Samuel 7:16), for the true and ultimate King and Son of David, the Messiah Jesus, was yet to come. The Jews had a natural interest in keeping records of the royal family, for although the Persians who ruled over them did not allow them a king, the family of David provided them with civil leaders. Among these was Zerubbabel, the governor of the early restoration. All the while, they were awaiting the Messiah from the house of David. Sadly, however, many Jews at the time of Jesus did not recognize Him as the long-awaited One.

        1 Chronicles 4 gives an extensive supplementary genealogy of the clans of Judah and the tribe of Simeon which became swallowed up in the larger tribe of Judah (Joshua 19:1-9). The Simeonites had been judged by God to become scattered because of the cruel massacre of the people of Shechem by the head of their tribe (Genesis 34:24-30; 49:5-7).

        In the midst of this long and somewhat monotonous list of names comes an interruption of two refreshing and interesting historical verses about a man named Jabez (4:9-10, key verse). He was an important man (a city was named after him, 2:55), and he was spoken of very highly: "more honourable than his brothers". He was not only esteemed by his fellow man, but by God as well, for God answered his prayer and inspired the writer of His Holy Word to tell about him. It is yet another example of God's promise that those who honour Him, He will honour.

        Jabez's prayer shows evidence that he was a man of faith. Although his name meant, "he gives pain" (likely a reference to the sorrowful circumstances surrounding his birth rather than the actual pain of childbirth), Jabez was able with God's strength to overcome the meaning of his name and not cause pain but be a blessing to others. Jabez was a wise, insightful, and meek man. He first desired the more important spiritual blessings (cf. Ephesians 1:3). Secondary to this was his ambition to succeed. He took this to God in prayer, for he knew he needed His help so that his territory would be enlarged to the glory of God. He understood his need, a need shared by all mankind, for God to keep him from evil that he would not fall into temptation.

        Often it is those like Jabez, with much ambition and power, that easily get off track. They lose sight of the truly important things in life, become materialistic, and fall into sin. We read, however, that God answered Jabez's prayer so that he was able to put into perfect balance both meekness and ambition (cf. Matthew 5:5).

        In the Old Testament, land was a gift of God to His people. A large amount of land under one's control was considered a blessing from God, for all the land really belonged to Him (as it still does), and He allowed those to whom He entrusted it to benefit from it. Today, our prayer for an enlarged territory is better seen in the spiritual sense rather than the material sense, that God would increase the ministry or outreach for the expansion of His kingdom and that our hearts would be enlarged to receive a greater portion of Himself.

        Jabez discovered the key: there is power and effectiveness in prayer (cf. James 5:16). It opens the heart of God and paralyzes the hand of Satan. God answered all Jabez's requests, including that He would bless him and His hand be with him. God's almighty hand and His presence can also be felt among His people today to lead, protect, and strengthen. He is certainly all-sufficient for us! A prayer of divine blessing is very important. Our Lord Jesus blessed those children who were brought to Him. How interesting it would be to know the history of these children. Surely heaven will testify that they had a glorious future and grew to become great and godly people.

Prayer

        Lord, today we pray the prayer of Jabez for our own lives (please read the key verse as a prayer).


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