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Chinese4/19/2006English
經文:詩篇第七、八篇
鑰節:「耶和華我們的主啊,您的名在全地何其美。」(8:1)
提要

        在詩篇第七篇中,大衛承受了非常強大的逼迫,因為詩中用了強壯的獅子作比喻,說明敵人有足夠撕碎他的力量,然而大衛仍然信靠耶和華的帶領。這一篇詩篇的題目指出,便雅憫人古實用譭謗的話攻擊大衛。古實也許是掃羅王的親戚或朋友,而且那時掃羅也想殺大衛。古實很想除掉大衛,激發了大衛強烈求生的意志,這個時候,大衛及他的夥伴在耶和華的保護下,隱藏在曠野中。

        不管他們關係友好時,或是大衛在逃難中,他都沒有攻擊過掃羅。也許大衛還記得他有兩個機會可以殺死他的敵人掃羅,但他還是饒他一命(參看撒上24:12、13;及26:18)。大衛相信他是無辜的,並且心裡正直,所以他以宣誓的方式向上帝呼求,如果他有什麼不義,他願意接受任何懲罰(7:3~5)。大衛迫切呼求耶和華(7:6),不僅要審判惡人,也要審判他(7:8)。就像大衛一樣,義人不必懼怕上帝的審判與觀察,因為上帝自己就是他們的盾牌與公義的審判官,一定會「拯救心裡正直的人」(7:10)。

        大衛不想報復那些用譭謗的話攻擊他的人;他將報復留給上帝去做(比較羅12:19),他相信上帝的憤怒,就像任何戰役中最厲害的武器一樣,每天都會對付惡人(7:11~13)。大衛也相信,譭謗他的人會生出虛妄的罪來(參雅1:15)。上帝會注意到,因此惡人加諸大衛的苦難必定會臨到他自己的頭上(7:14~16;也即哈曼,斯7:7~10)。大衛一想到上帝對義人的信實時,他立刻歌頌耶和華至高者的名(7:17)。

        詩篇第八篇都是以同一節經文為始為終:「耶和華──我們的主啊,您的名在全地何其美!」很可能當大衛還是牧童時,就寫了這首讚美上帝的詩篇,因為那時他有充份的時間在曠野裡思想上帝的偉大。當他抬頭仰看伯利恆群山之上的夜晚天空時,心裡就充滿了對星空之美的敬畏,因為他明白,這大自然的奇景反映了上帝的榮耀(19:1)。此壯麗景色使他不得不讚美創造主的偉大。由於大衛很年輕,當他唱:「從嬰孩和吃奶的口中,建立了能力(或讚美)」時,他很可能想到他自己(8:2)。耶穌基督也引用了這節經文在自己身上(太21:16)。在讚美上帝時,我們便得到上帝的力量;大衛也從他個人的經驗中明白了這一點:上帝曾賜給他力量殺死熊和獅子(撒上17:34~37)。當我們讚美上帝時,敵人就閉口不言;撒但的吼叫就聽不到了。

        上帝在創造中表達的神奇與榮耀,尤其是在廣大的天空中,使大衛驚奇,這麼偉大的上帝,竟然願意眷顧微不足道的人類。「人算什麼,您竟顧念他,世人算什麼,您竟眷顧他?」(8:4)。在威嚴的上帝面前,大衛深感自己的不配。若與完美、權威的創造主上帝相比,人顯得如此軟弱、不完全、有限,甚至骯髒;然而上帝仍榮耀人,賜人力量(管家的責任),管理祂的受造物,祇因人是按著祂的形像創造的,而且有祂所賜的道德感。因此,人是上帝創造物中的冠冕。我們在上帝的眼裡是有很大價值的,並且在祂的心中佔有特殊的地位,因為祂愛全人類,甚至在創世之前,就為我們準備了救贖。由於上帝的愛與眷顧,他藉著耶穌基督道成肉身來到人間。基督的降世是上帝屈尊最極致的表現,至今仍使我們感到驚奇(參看希2:5~9)。上帝以肉身臨世,成就了詩篇八篇六節的話:「上帝叫萬物都服在祂的腳下」(林前15:27)。

禱告

        啊,主啊,當我們想到,祂的威嚴和能力超越所有的受造物,但您的愛卻又眷顧我們每一個人時,我們的靈就同聲讚美您,我們不能了解這樣偉大的愛,但是我們領受它,並且願意回報。奉主耶穌基督聖名,阿們!

English

Scriptures:Read Psalms 7&8
Key Verse:"O Lord, our Lord, how excellent [majestic] is Your name in all the earth."(Psalm 8:1)
Overview

        In Psalm 7, David is under very strong persecution, which is indicated by the image of the lion that has the strength to tear him into pieces, yet David still trusts in the Lord. The title of the psalm indicates that slanderous words had been spoken against David by Gush, a Benjamite. He was likely a companion or relative of King Saul, also a Benjamite, who was attempting to kill David at the time. It appears that Cush was eager to injure David, and this intensifies David's struggle for survival. It was at this time that David and his band of outlaws were hiding in the wilderness under God's protection.

        David, however, was innocent of wrongdoing against Saul, both when they were friends and when David was in exile. It is probable that David is remembering the two occasions when he had the chance to kill Saul, his enemy, but he mercifully spared his life (see 1 Samuel 24:12, 13 and 26:18). David felt confident that he was innocent and had maintained his integrity, and so he cries out to God in the form of an oath, wherein he was willing to accept any punishment if he had done wrong (7:3-5). David urgently called upon God (7:6), not only to judge the wicked but to judge him as well (7:8). Like David, the righteous need not fear the judgment and scrutiny of God, for God Himself is their defense and Righteous Judge who is most just and "saves the upright in heart" (7:10).

        David did not retaliate for the slanderous words hurled against him; rather, he left the retribution to the Lord (cf. Romans 12:19), confident that God's wrath, like the most sophisticated weapons of warfare, will come daily against the wicked (7:11-13). David was also confident that the one who sinfully slandered him would give birth to falsehood (compare James 1:15) and that God would see to it that the trouble he made for him would return on his own head (7:14-16; e.g. Haman, Esther 7:7-10). Upon considering God's faithfulness to the righteous, David bursts forth with praise to the Lord Most High (7:17).

        Psalm 8 starts and ends with the same verse, glorifying the Lord whose matchless, majestic, and beautiful name (Yahweh) is Sovereign over all the earth. David may have written this joyous hymn of praise to God while he was a shepherd boy, having much time in the open fields to ponder the greatness of God. As he looked up into the night sky over the rolling hills around Bethlehem, he was filled with awe and wonder at the beauty of the starry heavens which he perceived as clearly reflecting God's glory (19:1). Such majesty demanded praise for the Creator. Because of his young age, David may have been referring to himself when he sang, "Out of the mouth of babes and infants You have ordained strength [or 'praise']" (8:2). Jesus Christ quoted this verse as referring to Himself (Matthew 21:16). In praising God, we receive divine strength, and David discovered this from personal experience: He was enabled by God to kill both a vicious bear and a lion (1 Samuel 17:34-37). When we praise God, the enemy is silenced; Satan's roar cannot be heard.

        The wonder of God's greatness and glory in creation, especially in the great expanse above, caused David to marvel at God's condescension to even consider mankind, who is comparatively so small and insignificant. "What is man that You are mindful of him, and the son of man that You visit [attentively and gracefully care for] him?" (8:4). David was overcome with a feeling of unworthiness and inferiority before the majesty of God. Compared to God, who is perfect, has all authority, and is the Source of being, man seems so weak, imperfect, finite, and even filthy; yet man had been honoured by God by giving him dominion (responsibility as a steward) over all His creation, simply because man had been made in His spiritual image and given a moral sense. Man was therefore the crown of God's creation. We are of great value to God and hold a special place in His heart, for He loves all mankind, and even before the foundation of the world, He provided redemption for us. Because of God's love and care, He visited man through the incarnation of Jesus Christ. Christ's visitation was the ultimate in divine condescension, which still causes us to marvel (see Hebrews 2:5-9). God came in the flesh and, in the fullest meaning of Psalm 8:6, all things have been put under His feet (1 Corinthians 15:27).

Prayer

        Our spirits soar in praise to You, oh Lord, when we consider Your majesty and power over all creation, as well as Your personal love for each one of us. We cannot understand such great love, but we accept it and return it.


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