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Chinese4/24/2006English
經文:詩篇第十九、廿篇
鑰節:「諸天述說上帝的榮耀……。」(19:1)
提要

        我們在詩篇第十九篇中讀到有關上帝榮耀的兩個見證:諸天及祂的神聖律法。我們可以藉著這兩個見證認識上帝。前者是宇宙性的見證,幫助人類相信上帝是存在的。第二個可以帶領人從上帝那裡得到更深一層、更切身的啟示。

        整個世界上,上帝所創造的萬物都在見證祂的榮耀。「這日到那日」及「這夜到那夜」都在傳出祂的知識(19:2)。自然界不斷地證明上帝的存在和莊嚴。上帝所創光亮耀眼的太陽,被視為啟示上帝榮耀的一個重要角色,它的強光與能源象徵著上帝的大能。

        思想過上帝在諸天的榮耀之後,詩人轉而思想祂律法、訓詞、誡命、典章中所啟示的榮耀,它們都是公義、潔淨,存到永遠的(19:9)。這不僅是指摩西的律法(Torah),也是指上帝藉著聖靈默示的所有聖經內容。上帝的話語對人類產生的巨大影響包括:甦醒人心、使愚昧人有智慧、快活人心,明亮人的眼目(19:7~8)。上帝話語的優越甚至超過世上最好的事物,如純金或最甜的蜜。聖經是最有益人類的東西。想想看,閱讀、學習,一方面也使人實踐聖經的教訓是多麼重要啊!上帝的話語警戒我們,使我們不致遭遇毀滅和永死,只以信心遵守它,我們就會得到上帝的喜悅!

        不過,了解聖經的教訓明白自己的墮落、罪惡、及過犯,尤其是在與上帝的公義和聖潔比較時,就更為明顯。大衛的禱告(19:12~14)就是個很好的例子。耶穌教導我們祈禱:「主啊,不叫我們遇見試探,救我們脫離兇惡」(太6:13)。人類應不斷地禱告,求上帝加添他力量,使他成聖,雖然他決無法完全不犯罪,他還是可以做到無可指責,不讓罪支配他。當一個人被主救贖,在生活上勝過罪時,他就可以肯定,他的禱告已在上帝的面前蒙悅納(19:14)。

        詩篇第廿篇是在君王去打仗之前,唱給君王聽的;同時,它也是一篇禱告,求上帝為君王出面。它可能由利未人的詩班(20:1~5)、君王或大祭司(20:6~8)、及會眾(20:9)當作啟應詩文來唱。這個禱告就是求主參與戰爭,使他們得勝。他們去打仗乃是奉主、雅各之上帝的名(20:1、5),所以當他們出去與敵人打仗氶A上帝的名及其作為拯救者的名聲就面臨考驗。因此,他們禱告的目的也是用激將的方法,求上帝證明祂自己就是拯救者。

        他們當時在出外爭戰之前會獻上燔祭(20:3);如果他們的祭蒙上帝悅納,那麼他們就深信,上帝必與他們同在,使他們勝過敵人。當然,禱告不能作為操縱上帝的工具,因為那是不可能的;結果如何完全依靠上帝的旨意(20:4)。

        第五及第六節之間似乎有一段間隔;可能就是獻祭的時間。一旦獻祭完成,君王或大祭司就會以先知的態度說話,指出上帝已經悅納了他們獻的祭,上帝會成為他們得救的力量。毫無疑問地,講話的人知道:「耶和華救護祂的受膏者」(20:6)。他們的仇敵靠現代化的戰爭武器(戰車與馬),但是那些武器是沒有用的,因為「他們都屈身仆倒」。請注意他宣稱他們失敗是過去的事實,即使戰爭尚未開始。耶和華的子民單單信靠上帝,所以他們一定會得到勝利(廿:8)。在走向戰場之前,全體會眾都有了答案,同聲祈求上帝拯救他們的君王(20:9)。

禱告

        哦,主啊,您所創造的萬物都在頌讚您,因為您是最偉大的創造主,佩得所有的榮耀。願我們的呼喊是最響亮的。您向不信的世人宣揚您的榮耀!奉主耶穌基督聖名,阿們!

English

Scriptures:Read Psalms 19 &20
Key Verse:"The heavens declare the glory of God...".(Psalm 19:1)
Overview

        In Psalm 19, we read of two great witnesses to the glory of God: the heavens and His Holy Law. Both are sources through which we can come to know God. The first is a universal witness which brings mankind to believe in the existence of God. The second leads one to a deeper and more personal revelation of God.

        All over the earth, God's beautiful creation bears witness to His glory. "Day unto day" and "night unto night" reveals knowledge of Himself (19:2). The course of nature continually attests to God's existence and majesty. The bright shining sun God created is considered a great agent in revealing His glory; its intense light and energy is but a token of God's power.

        After contemplating God's glory in the heavens, the psalmist turns to consider the glory of God as revealed in His law, testimony, statutes, commandments, and judgments, which are altogether righteous, pure, and enduring forever (19:9). This is not only referring to the Law of Moses (Torah) but the totality of God's revelation through the Holy Spirit-inspired scriptures. The tremendous effects of God's Word upon mankind include: restoring the soul, making wise the simple, rejoicing the heart, and enlightening the understanding (19:7-8). The excellence of God's Word surpasses even the most excellent and desirable things on the face of the earth, such as the purest gold or sweetest honey. The Scripture is the most beneficial thing for mankind. Consider how important it is to read, learn, and practice it! God's Word warns us so we might not see destruction and eternal death, and by faithfully following it, we will be rewarded with God's pleasure upon us.

        Knowing the Bible, however, makes mankind aware of his depravity, sinfulness, and guilt, especially when compared to God's righteousness and holiness. David's prayer (19:12-14) is exemplary, and it is echoed in the prayer that Jesus taught us to pray: "And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one" (Matthew 6:13). Mankind needs to continually pray for God's strength and sanctification, for although he can never be sinless, he can strive to be blameless by not allowing sin to have dominion over his life. When one has been redeemed by the Lord and is living victoriously over sin, he can be sure that his prayers will be acceptable in God's sight (19:14).

        Psalm 20 is addressed to the king before going into battle and is also a prayer for divine intervention on behalf of the king. It would have been sung as a responsive hymn with the participation of the Levitical choir (20:1-5), the king or high priest (20:6-8), and the congregation (20:9). The petition was for the Lord to go before them into battle and grant them victory. Their battles were fought in the Name of the Lord God of Jacob (20:1, 5), and so when they went out to war, God's name and reputation as a deliverer was at stake. The intent of their prayer, then, was also to invoke God to prove Himself once again to be their Deliverer.

        It was their practice to make sacrifical offerings to God before going to war (20:3), and if their offerings were acceptable unto God, then they could be confident that God would be with them to give them victory. Of course, this could not be done as a means to manipulate God, for that is impossible; the outcome was totally dependent upon the will of God (20:4).

        There appears to be an interval of time between verses five and six; this was possibly the time for the offering of the sacrifices. Once they were completed, the king or high priest spoke in a prophetic manner to acknowledge that God had accepted the sacrifice and that He would be their saving strength. The speaker knew beyond any doubt that "the Lord saves His anointed" (20:6). Their enemy would put their trust in the most modern of war machines (chariots and horses), but that was in vain, for "they have... fallen". Notice that he declares their defeat as a fact of the past, even though the battle had not yet begun. The Lord's people can put their trust solely in God and be assured of the victory (20:8). Before marching to war, the whole congregation, already confident of the answer, prayed, "Save the king! Answer us when we call!" (N.I.V., 20:9).

Prayer

        All of creation shouts forth Your praises, for You, oh Lord, are the great Creator and worthy of all glory. May we be the loudest shouters of all, declaring Your glory to the lost!


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