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Chinese2/23/2005English
經文:出埃及記五至六章
鑰節:「法老說,耶和華是誰,使我聽祂的話容以色列人去呢﹖我不認識耶和華,也不容以色列人去。」(5:2)
提要

         上帝顯神蹟使百姓相信並敬拜祂之後(4:30~31),倍受鼓舞的摩西和亞倫就信心十足的去見法老。結果令他們大吃一驚,法老拒絕讓以色列人離開三天去祭祀、敬拜他們的上帝。法老的態度表現出對上帝的輕視和無知。他認為以色列人一定是想偷懶,敬拜上帝一點也不重要、毫無用處(這是撒但的大謊),所以法老反而大量的增加以色列人的工作。我們看見當時世上最文明、最強大的國家的法老王有一顆多麼驕傲、悖逆的心。悖逆和不認識以色列的上帝是並行的,因為認識上帝才是順服祂的基礎。此時法老漠視以色列人的上帝,但不久之後,他便要因上帝大能的作為而不得不承認祂了。

        摩西被以色列的官長指責一定大受傷害,可能也覺得很困窘。如果他聽從官長的話,他可能被嚇得四肢無力,而使他不能再服事上帝,但摩西沒有在他們尖刻、傷人的話語上逗留太久,雖然他也是滿肚子的疑問,但他立刻向主禱告。這當然也是我們在遭遇問題或陷入困境時最佳的行動。但我們不必等到有問題時才去找上帝。即使在事情一帆風順時,我們也仍應多多的感謝神,向祂禱告。摩西執行使命的第一次失敗,很可能成為一個極大的試探使他半途而廢,但藉著到上帝面前,他得著更新、更大的力量。

        當問題發生時,許多時候我們就限制上帝、質疑祂、向祂抱怨。由於我們的眼光無法超越現在,我們可能就變得沮喪,但上帝看得見始末,並且祂掌管一切。有時祂允許壓力來到,好使我們隨之經歷更大的救恩。

        上帝對摩西的答覆充滿了恩典和保證。祂重申祂約的應許和命令,並啟示祂具個人性的名字「耶和華」,讓摩西更深入的透視這個名字的意義,我們也更清楚看見上帝性格的屬性和祂的工作。「耶和華」現在是以色列的上帝的名字,這個上帝是當他們在埃及為奴、被輕視時愛他們、顧念他們的上帝。他們不只要聽說這個名字,還要從祂大能和慈愛的救贖中親身經歷這個名字。現在上帝的百姓可以倚靠這個上帝的名字,祂將要把祂的百姓從困苦中救拔出來,彰顯祂的榮耀。上帝完全的啟示也藉著耶穌基督的名字向我們表明出來,祂的名字超乎萬名之上,是我們可以倚靠的。

        注意上帝給以色列百姓的六個慈愛、鼓勵的應許:祂要(1)將他們從埃及領出,使他們脫離罪惡的生活,(2)不再受埃及人奴役,祂要(3)救贖他們。這是我們在聖經堬臚@次看到「救贖」這個字,指的是上帝偉大的拯救行動。如果按希伯來文直譯,「救贖」的意思是「解開、鬆綁」,也就是給予自由、從奴役中買回的意思。上帝要(4)以他們為祂的百姓,因為祂揀選以色列人在祂所愛的世人中間,作祂救贖計畫的光和器皿。今天的教會也一樣,我們作上帝的百姓必須擔負起作光、作器皿的任務,使世人歸向上帝。上帝遵守祂向以色列先祖所許的諾言,使以色列人為祂自己的百姓(參申7:7~8)。還有一點可看出上帝的慈愛和看顧,就是祂細心列出摩西和亞倫的族譜,確認他倆在以色列百姓中的領導地位(6:14~27)。然後上帝又應許(5)要將他們領進一塊新地,並要(6)把那地賜給他們為產業。所以上帝叫摩西去告訴法老「要容以色列人出他的地」(6:10)。這是一個更大的要求;以色列人要永遠離開那地,而不只是離開三天。他們必須出埃及,自由的享受上帝的救贖。

        今天我們的救恩不也一樣嗎﹖如果我們要充分享受上帝的救恩,我們就必須完全脫離世俗的事。我們的救恩是上帝完成的,而不是由於我們的力量或善行,免得有人自誇(弗2:8~9)。

禱告

        主啊,按著您的應許,我們禱告時您必垂聽。求您給我們更大的智慧和力量,使我們對您的服事更上一層樓。奉主耶穌基督聖名,阿們!

English

Scriptures:Read Exodus 5 & 6
Key Verse:“And Pharaoh said,
Overview

         After God’s divine manifestation of signs caused the people to believe and worship Him (4:30, 31), Moses and Aaron, filled with encouragement and faith, went before Pharaoh. Most probably to their surprise, Pharaoh refused them the three leave to worship and sacrifice to their God. Pharaoh’s attitude showed despising and ignorance toward God. He thought they must be idle and that worship of God was unimportant and in vain (a lie of Satan), so he increased their workload tremendously. We see the proud, rebellious heart of Pharaoh, king of the strongest, most civilized nation on the earth. Rebellion and not knowing the God of Israel go side by side, for knowing God is the foundation of obedience to Him. At this time, Pharaoh ignored the God of the Hebrews, but later on he was forced to recognize Him by His mighty deeds.

         When Moses was rebuked by the Israelite foremen, he must have felt hurt and possibly embarrassed. He could have been paralyzed and paranoid if he had listened to what the foremen said, and thus would have been unable to serve God the way he should. But Moses did not dwell on their cutting words. Though full of questions and doubts, he went immediately to the Lord in prayer. This is certainly the best thing for us to do as well, when we are troubled or in a difficult situation. But we should not have to wait until we have a problem to go the Lord. Even when things are going wonderfully, we should still thank Him and pray much. When Moses failed the first time on this mission, there might have been a great temptation to quit, but in going to the Lord he received new and greater strength.

         Many times we tend to limit God, questioning Him and complaining when a problem arises. Discouragement may come because we cannot see beyond, but God can see the end, and He has everything in control. Sometimes He allows pressure so that greater salvation will follow.

         The Lord’s reply to Moses was full of grace and reassurance. He renewed to Him the promises of His covenant and commands and revealed to Him the promises of His covenant and commands and revealed His personal name Jehovah, giving Moses grater insight into its meaning, for now we see more the character attributes and the work of God. This will now be the name of their personal God, the God who cared and loved them when they were despised and enslaved in Egypt. They will not only know this by hearing, but will experience it by His power and love in redemption. Now His people have the right to depend on the name of God, the name which will save His people and lift them from distress to reveal His glory. The fuller revelation of God shows us the same in the name of Jesus Christ, the name above all names upon which we can depend.

         Notice the six loving and encouraging promises that God gives the children of Israel: He will (1) bring them out in separation from the sinful life in Egypt and will (2) free them from their bondage. He will (3) redeem them. Here for the first time in the Bible we see the word redeem, referring to God’s mighty act of salvation. Literally translated from Hebrew, it means to “untie”, thus giving freedom, or to buy back from slavery. He will (4) take them as His people, for God chose Israel to be a light and an instrument in fulfilling His plan of salvation for the whole world which He loves. Likewise we as a Church, the people of God today, must not fail to be a light and an instrument in bringing the world to Him. God took them as His own to keep the promises He made to their forefathers (see Deuteronomy 7:7, 8). God’s love and care is seen, for even individuals are listed in the genealogy which serves to validate the leadership of Moses and Aaron over the children of Israel (6:14-27). Then God promised (5) to bring them into the land, which He will (6) give to them as a heritage or a possession. Therefore, God told Moses to tell Pharaoh “he must let the children of Israel go out of his land” (6:10). Now we see a broader request; they are to leave the land permanently and not just for three days. They must be out and free to enjoy the redemption of the Lord.

         Isn’t it the same for our salvation today? We must be away totally from worldly things if we are to enjoy the Lord’s salvation to the fullest. Our salvation is accomplished by the work of God and not of our own strength, power and goodness, lest anyone should boast (Ephesians 2:8, 9).

Prayer

         O Lord, according to Your promises, You hear us when we pray. Please give us greater wisdom and strength in order to serve You better.


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