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Chinese1/8/2005English
經文:創世記十四至十五章
鑰節:「亞伯蘭信耶和華,耶和華就以此為他的義。」(15:6)
提要

        我們從今天的經文發現,亞伯蘭不止是個愛好和平的人;當需要的時候,他也會勇敢的向敵人挑戰。亞伯蘭愛他的姪兒羅得,因此,當他一聽見羅得被擄的消息,便召集家中精練的壯丁,策畫營救的行動。驚奇的是,或者說由於上帝的保佑,這個危險的任務竟然成功了。亞伯蘭在夜堭敗敵人,奪回被擄掠的一切財物,也救回了羅得和他的家屬。在歸途中,撒冷王麥基洗德,至高上帝的祭司,來迎接他們,他為亞伯蘭祝福,並稱頌上帝使亞伯蘭得勝。亞伯蘭將他所得財物的十分之一奉獻給麥基洗德。希伯來書的作者提及麥基洗德,說基督是「按著麥基洗德的等次永遠為祭司」(來7:17)。麥基洗德是基督圖像的預表,他名字的意思是「公義王」;他的職位「撒冷王」意思是「平安之王」;至於他的家譜則是「無生之始,無命之終」(來7:3)。

        所多瑪王也出來見亞伯蘭,並要給他禮物,但亞伯蘭拒絕了,免得欠所多瑪王人情,也免得他說「我使亞伯蘭富足」。亞伯蘭所有的財富、尊榮,事實上也包括我們的一切所有,都是屬上帝的。在第十五章,我們看到上帝與亞伯蘭立約,再次應許亞伯蘭要給他一個兒子。上帝在異象中對他說:「不要懼怕」。亞伯蘭一定很害怕自己會無後而終,因為他和妻子撒萊都已老邁。在他的文化堙A沒有兒子是一件很不光榮且羞恥的事。然而,亞伯蘭相信上帝會照著祂所說的,賜給他一個兒子及許多的後裔。因為他有這麼大的信心,上帝「就以此為他的義」(創15:6)。

        在聖經的頭一卷書就能發現因信稱義的真理,真是太棒了。事實上,這節經文在新約聖經堻Q引用了四次(羅4:3、22;加3:6;雅2:23),俱都表明我們絕不能靠自己或自己的好行為得到救恩。只有藉著信心,相信上帝,我們才能被算為無罪,也只有藉著耶穌基督在十字架上的代死之功,我們才能被稱為義。

        亞伯蘭獻了上帝所指定的祭以後,上帝在夢中告訴他,他還不能得著應許之地的理由──他的後裔必寄居別地,在那堿陞ㄔ|百年,但必將帶著許多財物從那堨X來(創15:13~14),此外,也因亞摩利人的罪孽還沒有滿盈(創15:16)。上帝不會為了給自己的選民提供一塊家園而毀滅一個國家。只有當這個國家罪惡滔天,再也不能容忍時,上帝才會施以毀滅的審判作為懲罰(如所多瑪和蛾摩拉,創19:1~38)。

        最後,在第十五章,上帝再次向亞伯蘭保證祂將賜給他後裔得為業的應許之地,其疆界在所羅門為王時完全應驗了。不過,令人驚訝的是,希伯來書十一章十節和十六節告訴我們,亞伯蘭的後裔,也就是現在那些相信耶穌基督的人,最終要得的應許之地是「天上的家鄉」(來11:16),「那座有根基的城是上帝所經營建造的」(來11:10)。繼承天上產業的應許也是為所有──仰望為我們信心創始成終的耶穌──的人預備的。

禱告

        天父,謝謝您將您的愛子耶穌賜給我們。今天,以至永遠,我們都要在生活中擁戴耶穌為王。主耶穌啊,願您以您的公義和平安來統治我們。奉主耶穌基督聖名,阿們!

English

Scriptures:Read Genes 14 & 15
Key Verse:“And He believed in the Lord, and He accounted it to Him for righteousness.”(Genesis 15:6 )
Overview

        We discover here that not only is Abram a man of peace, but also, when necessary, a men of war who will courageously face the enemy. He loved his nephew Lot, so as soon as he heard of his captivity, he gathered his trained servant and planned the rescue mission. Amazingly, or shall we say, providentially, this risky mission was successful. He caught the enemy at night by surprise and recovered all the goods that had been taken, along with Lot and his household. On their return home, they were met by Melchizedek, king of Salem, the priest of the most high God, who blessed Abram and blessed God for giving Abram the victory. Abram gave him a tithe of all the goods recovered. Melchizedek is referred to by the writer of Hebrews who says Christ is “a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek” (Hebrews 7:17). Melchizedek was a picture or a type of Christ. We see this in his name, meaning “king of righteousness”; in his position as “king of Salem”, meaning “king of peace”; in his title of genealogy, “having neither beginning of days nor end of life: (Hebrews 7:3).

        The king of Sodom also came out to meet Abram and offered him gifts, but Abram refused so that he would not be obliged to the king of Sodom, not let him say, “I have made him rich.” All the glory for Abraham’s riches and indeed all that we have as well, is to God. In chapter15, we see the covenant of God with Abram. God once again promises Abram that he would have a son of his own. The Lord came to him in a vision, saying, “Do not be afraid.” Abram must have been in fear that he would die without a son of his own, for he and his wife were getting old. In his culture, to be without a son was a disgrace and a shame. However, Abram believed God would do as He said and give him a son and numerous descendants. Because of such great faith, the Lord “accounted it to him for righteousness” (Genesis 15:6).

        It is wonderful to find these great doctrines of imputed righteousness ad justification by faith alone in the beginning of the Bible. In fact, this very verse is quoted four times in the New Testament (Romans 4:3, 22; Galatians 3:6; James 2:23) to show that we can never, on our own merit or good works, attain salvation. It is only through faith and trust in God that we are justified, and only through the vicarious death of Jesus Christ on the cross are we declared righteous.

        After Abram offered unto the Lord the prescribed sacrifice, God told him in a dream the reason for the delay in possessing the land – his descendants would be in servitude for about four hounded years in a strange land but would come out with great possessions (Genesis 15:13, 14), and that the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet complete (Genesis 15; 13). God does not destroy one nation to provide a home for another, even if the other nation be His chosen people. The reason for God’s judgment of destruction upon a nation is for punishment only when the iniquity and wickedness has reached an unbearable height (eg. Sodom and Gomorrah, genesis 19:1-38).

        Finally in chapter 15, God reassures Abram of the great Promised Land his descendants will inherit, the literal borders of which were fulfilled during the reign of Solomon. Amazingly, however, we see in Hebrews 11:10 and 16, that the ultimate Promised Land for the seed of Abram, which is now those who believe in Jesus Christ, is the “heavenly country” (Hebrews 11:16),”the city which has foundations whose builder and maker is god” (Hebrews 11:10). This promise of a heavenly inheritance is for us, as well, who look to Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith.

Prayer

        Thank You , Father, for Your Son Jesus. Today and forever we crown Him King of our lives. Reign in righteousness and peace, Lord Jesus.


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