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Chinese6/3/2006English
經文:詩篇第一一一、一一二篇
鑰節:「敬畏耶和華是智慧的開端……。」(111:10)
提要

        詩篇第一一一及一一二篇是字首詩(所有的句子都是以按順序的希伯來文字母為始),結構都是一樣的。它們被稱為「雙生詩篇」,毫無疑問地,都是由一位作者所撰,可是我們不知道他是誰。

        詩篇第一一一篇是一首信徒讚美上帝聖工、信實、及憐憫的聖詩。什麼是上帝的聖工?它們就是上帝拯救與救贖我們的時候,所行的奇妙的、大能的、公正的、及真實的事情(111:7、9上)。上帝所行的最大的聖工就是派遣祂的兒子耶穌用祂的寶血救贖我們。祂如何使我們記住祂的話語(111:4上)?聖經之著成是供喜愛祂、及以研習祂為樂的人來研考的(111:2)。他們就是敬畏耶和華及呼喊「祂的名聖而可畏」的人(111:9下)。詩人證明「敬畏耶和華就是智慧的開端」(箴1:7;2:10;3:13~18;4:5~9;8:11;雅1:5;3:13、17)。由於他們如此尊敬耶和華,他們也喜愛祂的律法(112:1),以及更加樂意去研習祂的話語。就是這樣,他們獲得了有知識的辨識力及良好的理解力,以致他們有能力遵行祂的命令,並且討祂的喜悅(111:10)。

        耶和華所有的聖潔與公義的品格促使祂憐愛人類。祂曾信實地供應那些敬畏祂的人所需的一切(111:4下~5),就像祂信守祂所立的約一樣;詩人再度說明上帝如何帶領亞伯拉罕的後裔進入應許之地,來證明祂永遠都是信實的上帝(111:6下)。詩篇的一個主題就是,上帝的慈愛存到永遠。我們在這一詩篇中我們讀到,此外,祂的公義、讚美、及教訓也要存到永遠(111:3、10下)。

        詩篇第一一二篇開始就擴大前一篇結束時的思想。這一篇詩篇的觀點與前一篇的有別,然而它們還是平行的詩篇。前一篇詩篇強調上帝的公義,因為祂是受人敬畏的上帝。這一篇則強調義人的公義,因為他是敬畏上帝的人。

        詩人繼續描述義人的品德。他會領受到那些信守上帝的人該有的福氣。他會興旺,且有耐久的財富(箴8:18),及眾多的後裔(比較37:25~26)。他會像黑暗裡的光,因為他的生活裡會洋溢著耶和華的光(34:5;林後3:18;4:6)。就像詩人在前一詩篇中說到「耶和華有恩惠,有憐憫」一樣(111:4下),他也同樣地在這一詩篇中說到義人也有恩惠和憐憫(112:4下)。喜愛耶和華,又跟隨祂的人,就會變成祂的樣子。當他每天與上帝同行,他就會變得更像上帝,並且有上帝的性情(彼後1:3~8)。「更像耶穌」應該成為每一位信徒追求的目標。要達到這一個目標,我們就必須非常喜愛耶和華的話語,並且實踐祂的教訓(111:10;112:1)。

        義人在幫助窮人時是既有恩惠又慷慨,因為他反映出喜歡賜福的上帝的性情。他會被榮耀及高舉,但是這不是他行善的動機。他能行善,因為他愛上帝才能愛人。當他遭遇問題時,他不會害怕,因為他對耶和華有堅定的信心。

禱告

        父啊,我們都是您的兒女,喜歡您的聖工,因為我們喜愛您的話語,並且在您寶貴又偉大的應許中歡欣。我們感謝您,因為您完全的愛使我們沒有恐懼。我們今天要再一次信靠您,不怕邪惡,因為我們在您永恆的肩中得到庇護。奉主耶穌基督聖名,阿們!

English

Scriptures:Read Psalms 111 &112
Key Verse:"The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom...".(Psalm 111:10)
Overview

        Psalm 111 and 112 are acrostic psalms (all sentences begin with a consecutive letter of the Hebrew alphabet) that are identical in structure. They have been called "the twin psalms". Undoubtedly they were composed by the same author, but that is unknown.

        Psalm 111 is a congregational hymn of praise for God's righteous works, faithfulness and compassion. What are God's works? They are the marvelous, powerful, just, and truthful things He does to save and redeem us (111:7, 9a). The greatest was sending His Son Jesus to provide us with redemption through His blood. How has He caused His words to be remembered (111:4a)? The Holy Scriptures were written to be studied by all who love Him and take pleasure in learning more about Him (111:2). They are those people who have a healthy fear of the Lord and are the ones who exclaim: "Holy and awesome is His name" (lll:9b). The psalmist affirms that this fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom (Prov. 1:7; 2:10; 3:13-18; 4:5-9; 8:11; James 1:5; 3:13,17). Because they respect the Lord so much, they delight in His Law (112:1) and are prompted to study His Word more. This way they gain knowledge discernment, and a good understanding, that they may do the Lord's commands and please Him (111:10).

        The Lord's holy and righteous character gives rise to His grace and compassion upon mankind. He is ever faithful to supply the needs of those who fear Him (lll:4b-5), just as He is faithful to His covenant, which the psalmist illustrates by restating how God brought the children of Abraham into the Promised Land (lll:6b). A major theme of the book of Psalms is that God's mercy endures forever. In this psalm we learn that in addition His righteousness, praise, and precepts will also endure forever (113:3, lOb).

        Psalm 112 begins by expanding upon the closing thought of Psalm 111. The perspective of Psalm 112 is different from 111, yet there are parallels. The previous psalm emphasized the righteousness of God who is to be feared. This psalm emphasizes the righteousness of the godly man who fears the Lord.

        The psalmist continues by describing the godly person's qualities. He will receive the blessings that those who are faithful to the covenant enjoy. He will prosper with enduring riches (Prov. 8:18) and have many descendants (cf. 37:25-26). He will be like a light in the darkness, for he will radiate the Lord in his life (34:5; 2 Cor.3:18; 4:6). Just as the psalmist said in the previous psalm about the Lord being "gracious and full of compassion" (lll:4b), so the same is said about the righteous man at the identical point in the psalm (112:4b). The person who loves and follows the Lord will become like Him. As he daily walks with God, he will become more like His image and partake of the divine nature of God (2 Pet. 1:3-8). This must be the goal of every believer: to be more like Jesus. To accomplish this, we too must greatly delight in the Word of the Lord, and practice what it teaches (111:10; 112:1).

        The godly person will be gracious and generous in both giving and lending to help the poor, since he reflects the divine character of God who enjoys giving blessings. He will be honoured and exalted, but this is not the motivation for doing so. It is because of his love for God that he can also love others. When problems come his way, he will not be afraid, since his faith is steadfast and his confidence is in the Lord.

Prayer

        Father, we Your children delight in Your works as we study Your Word and rejoice in Your great and precious promises. Thank You for Your perfect love that casts out all fear. We put our trust in You again this day and fear no evil, for we are sheltered in Your everlasting arms.


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