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Chinese6/5/2005English
經文:民數記廿八至廿九章
鑰節:「你要吩咐以色列人說:『獻給我的供物……你們要按日期獻給我。』」(28:2)
提要

        這兩章是敘述以色列人整年的宗教曆,內容與利未記廿三章相似,但特別強調祭物的明確數量和每一個節日的正確日期。祭司要為全以色列民小心遵守這些條例。

        由於曠野的環境險惡,以色列人在這段漂流的時期,許多例行的祭儀好像都無法舉行。現在,當他們即將定居應許之地,且將能履行這些律法時,上帝就有必要再次向他們肯定這些律法。此外,雖然約書亞很快就要取代摩西作領袖,但每個以色列人都要知道,上帝藉摩西所頒佈的律法仍然有效。

        在以色列國中,每年(七個重要的年節)、每月(每逢月朔日)、每週(安息日)、及每天都不斷要有規律的獻祭。這些持續不斷的活動使祭司在上帝面前異常忙碌;他們的工作很龐大。今天,我們都是上帝的祭司,也要同樣的將我們的時間奉獻給祂,為祂呼召我們從事的工作奔忙。今天信徒的工作也一樣龐大:向世界宣揚上帝透過祂兒子耶穌所賜下的恩典和愛。休息和放鬆是必需的,但絕不應無所事事。

        上帝形容獻給祂的祭是祂的「食物」(28:2)。祭物在壇上燃燒產生的香煙,在上帝聞起來是一股「馨香之氣」,因為它們代表以色列人對上帝的順服和奉獻,也使獻祭者在上帝眼中被悅納。正如我們每天在一定的時候需要進食,上帝也要求我們持續不斷的、經常向祂表達我們的愛和奉獻。

        第廿九章談的是一年中最忙碌的七月堛爾`期。這些節期比其他月分的節期更為莊嚴:吹角節、贖罪日、住棚節。只有在這塈畯旼爸鴐偌薑K天的住棚節每天所當獻的祭。這些祭和其他節期堛熔蔔ㄛO在所許的願和甘心獻的以外(29:39)。上帝極喜悅我們作超過基本的要求。

        祭司的活動會一直提醒以色列民他們靈性上的需要。事實上,以色列全民的生活和全年的活動都是以這些聖會為中心。上帝特別強調每天要獻兩次的燔祭,作為獻給祂的馨香的火祭(28:3、6),表達順服、奉獻、和與祂相交。這些常獻的祭將使以色列民不斷意識到他們與上帝之間的約,以及藉著贖罪祭而能不斷與祂相交的重要性。

        今天,與上帝有新約之關係的人斷不能忽略每天藉著禱告和讀經將自己奉獻給祂。這份美好的神人關係都是因為耶穌一次獻上永不須再重複的贖罪祭而成真。以色列人被要求用來獻祭的動物數目之大叫人吃驚,但那正是因為動物不足以真正的贖罪,也有助於我們明瞭主耶穌基督所獻的最大、最完全、最終的祭的重要意義。祂甘願將自己獻在十架上,一次流出寶血就為我們的罪作了永遠有效的贖罪祭。

禱告

        主啊,謝謝您賜給我們禱告的特權。幫助我們不以它為理所當然的事,而能分外珍惜我們與您相交之途。奉主耶穌基督聖名,阿們!

English

Scriptures:Read Numbers 28 & 29
Key Verse:“Command the children of Israel… My offerings… you shall be careful to offer to Me at their appointed time.”(Numbers 28:2 )
Overview

        In these two chapters, the calendar for the whole religious year is described. It is similar to Leviticus 23m but here we find stressed the definite quantities of the offerings and the exact dates for each occasion. The priests were to carefully observe these on behalf of the whole nation.

        It appears that during the time of the wilderness wanderings, because of adverse conditions, any of the regular sacrificial laws had been suspended. At this point in their history, when they were to become settled in the Promised Land and able to fulfill these laws, the reaffirmation of these laws was necessary. Also, even though Joshua was soon to replace Moses as leader, everyone was to know that the laws God had given through Moses were still binding.

        There were to be continual, regular sacrifices daily, weekly (on the Sabbath), monthly (at the beginning of each new month), and yearly (the 7 great annual feasts). The priests were kept busy with continuous activity unto the Lord. Theirs was an enormous task. We today, as the priests of God, likewise need to devote our time to Him and keep busy in the calling He has for us in His service. The grace and love through His son, Jesus. Rest and relaxation are necessary, but idleness is not.

        The Lord God described His offerings as “My food” (28:2). Offerings went up to God in smoke upon the altar as a “sweet aroma” to the Lord, for they expressed devotion and obedience to Him and caused Him to see the offer as acceptable in His sight. Just as we require food at certain times in the course of the day, so God requires that we give Him regular and continuous expressions of our love and devotion.

        The twenty-nine chapter deals with the festivals in the very busy seventh month, a month containing more solemn feasts than any other month (Trumpets, Day of Atonement, and Tabernacles). Only here do we read of the offerings for the eight days of the Feast of Tabernacles. These and the other offerings we read of were requirements in addition to the vow and freewill offerings (29:39). The Lord took much pleasure in what was done over and above the basic requirements.

        The priest’s activities would always remind the people of their spiritual needs. In fact, the whole year and the life of the community were built around these sacred times. Especially stressed is the burnt offering which was to be offered twice daily as a sweet aroma to the Lord (28:3, 6), expressing dedication, surrender, and communion with Him. These regular offerings would keep the people aware of their covenant relationship with God and the importance of continual communion with Him made possible by the sin offerings.

        Those in the covenant relationship with God today must never neglect to devote time to Him every day by prayer and reading His word. This wonderful fellowship with God was made possible by the one Sin Offering of Jesus that never again needs to be repeated. It is striking to read of the great numbers of animals required as sacrifices, yet this was because they were insufficient, perfect, and ultimate sacrifice of our Lord Jesus Christ, who willingly gave Himself upon the altar of the cross. His blood alone, shed once and for all, can make atonement for our sins today.

Prayer

        Thank You, Lord, for the great privilege of prayer. Help us never to take this for granted, but to value our access to You most highly.


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