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Chinese6/7/2006English
經文:詩篇一一九篇五十七至一二○節
鑰節:「您的話是我腳前的燈,是我路上的光。」(119:105)
提要

        詩人使用很多美麗的辭藻描述上帝的話語為他所行的奇事。對那些全心投入閱讀上帝的話語,且將它藏在心裡的信徒而言,他們也與詩人有同樣的感受。我們在這一詩篇中看到,上帝的話語清潔了我們的道路,促使我們歡欣,帶給我們忠告,使我們振作,教訓我們,鼓勵我們,以及賜給我們生命、盼望、安慰、詩歌、智慧、了解力、及偉大的和平。它是我們腳前的光與燈,好使我們看清楚我們該走的正道。上帝的話語指引我們的腳步。耶和華藉著祂的話語賜給我們的恩惠是多麼奇妙啊!

        由於詩人努力在每一組中以相同的希伯來字母作為每一節的開端,這樣的雕琢往往使得整組中的各節經文的思想不太一致。雖然本詩的主題始終是「上帝的話語非常奇妙」,但經節之間重點各不相同。同樣的思想在很多組中不斷重複,表達方式卻各自不同。這一重複的手法是有其功用的。為了確保每位讀者都能了解它的意義,且有真實感,故不斷予以強調。

        如果這一詩篇的作者不是大衛,他就是一位不斷研習及抄錄律法的利未人,像以斯拉那樣的文士。利未人並沒有領受土地的產業,因為耶和華自己就是他們的產業。當詩人說:「耶和華是我的福份」時,他就清楚地說明了這一傳統(第57節)。他甚至把上帝的律法當成自己的產業(第56及111節)。他在上帝裡面找到所需的一切。他感到滿足了,不想貪得或嫉妒別人的財物。

        這位詩人也許是一位「年輕人」,因為他已學會,如何在生活中遵行上帝的話語,所以他的道路是清潔的(第9節)。雖然他是個年輕人,他卻聲稱擁有更大的屬靈了解力,不僅勝過他的老師,也超越年長的聖徒。原因是,他不停地閱讀、思想、順從上帝的話語。他祈求了解上帝的話語,便在屬靈上得到啟迪(第99~100、18、33~34節)。

        詩人承認,當他遭遇到苦難與折磨時,他就知道,那是上帝在鞭策他,帶領他走回正道上。在上帝的這種管教中,他承認上帝是良善的,甚至連苦難也是有益的。結果,他更親近了上帝,更了解了上帝及祂的話語,而且就是上帝的話語又帶領他走回那條直而狹的道路(第67~68、71節;來12:5~11)。由於他喜愛上帝的話語,以及精通它,他所受的苦難才不致使他跌倒或滅亡(第92節)。他知道他可以向上帝要求他在祂話語中看到的應許和福氣。他知道他可以呼求有愛心的上帝垂聽他的禱告。由於他對上帝的話語有充份的了解,他相信上帝會使他振作,並且會悅納他「以自由意志獻上的感恩與讚美祭」(第108節)。

        在這一詩篇中的另一個有力的主題就是義人與惡人兩者之間的對比。義人會得到安全,也會受到上帝的保護;但是那些不順從上帝話語,且行惡事的惡人就會被上帝遺棄與除掉(第117~119節)。雖然惡人(驕傲的人)的繩索纏繞了他,為他掘下坑洞,為他設下網羅,用謊言誹謗他,毫無理由地逼迫他,以及幾乎殺害了他(第61、69、78、85~87、95、及110節),他們仍然不能使他屈服,因為他不斷地思想上帝的話語(第78節)。他永遠忠於上帝,不忘記、不捨棄,或是不偏離祂的律法與訓詞(第61、87、及110節)。耶和華就是他藏身的地方和盾牌,就像當我們遭受苦難時,祂作我們的藏身地方和盾牌一樣。我們在上帝的話語中可以得到保證,上帝一定會高舉祂的兒女。

禱告

        父啊,您的話語就是真理,並且使我們在這個幾乎使人絕望的世界上得到一個大保證。我們祈求您鼓勵我們不斷地閱讀、思想、及默記您寶貴的、充滿生命的話語,因為它可以照亮我們的道路。奉主耶穌基督聖名,阿們!

English

Scriptures:Read Psalm 119: 57-120
Key Verse:"Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path."(Psalm 119:105)
Overview

        The psalmist uses may beautiful expressions to describe the wonderful things the Word of God does for him. The same is true for all believers who love and devote themselves to reading it and who have hidden it in their hearts. Throughout the psalm we learn that the Word cleanses our way, causes us to rejoice, brings delight and counsel, revives, teaches, strengthens and gives us life, hope, comfort, songs, wisdom, understanding and great peace. It is a light and a lamp to our feet that we may see clearly the right path that we should follow. The Word of God directs our steps. What marvelous benefits the Lord gives through His Word!

        Because of the poet's attempt to start every verse with the same letter of the Hebrew letter within each stanza, it has caused little continuity of thought throughout. Although the theme of the wonderful Word of God remains the same, the thoughts within each stanza are often unrelated. In many stanzas the same thoughts are repeated, but expressed in different ways. This is not a vain repetition. Such an important topic deserves to be emphasized in order to ensure that it may be understood and become real to the readers.

        If the psalmist were not David, he may have been a Levite who continually studied and copied the Law, like a scribe as was Ezra. The Levites received no inheritance of land, for the Lord Himself was their inheritance. The psalmist relates to this when he says, "You are my portion, O Lord" (v. 57). He has laid a personal claim on God's Law, which is part of his inheritance (v. 56, 111). He finds everything He needs in God. He is content and not tempted to be covetous or envious of the possessions of others.

        The psalmist may have been the "young man" who learned that by living according to God's Word, his way was cleansed (v.9). Even though he was young, he claimed to have greater spiritual understanding than his teachers and even more than the ancient sages. The reason is because he constantly read, meditated upon, and obeyed God's Word. He prayed for understanding and he was spiritually enlightened (vv. 99-100, 18, 33-34).

        The psalmist recognized that when he had been afflicted, it was the Lord's chastisement upon him to bring him back to the right path. In this divine form of discipline, he acknowledges that God was good and the affliction was also good. As a result he drew closer to God, learned more about God and His Word, and it brought him back to the straight and narrow way (67-68, 71; Hebrews 12:5-12). Because he delighted in the Word and was familiar with it, when he was afflicted it did not lead to his fall or his death (v. 92). He knew he could claim the promises and blessings of God which are found in His Word. He knew he could call out to a merciful God who hears his prayers. As a result of his knowledge of God's Word, he had the faith that God would revive him, as well as accept his "freewill offerings" of praise and thanksgiving (v. 108).

        Another predominant topic within this psalm is the contrast between the righteous and the wicked. The righteous shall be safe and preserved, but the wicked evildoers who do not obey the Word of God will be rejected and cast away (vv. 117-119). Although the wicked (proud) have bound him with cords, dug pits for him, laid snares for him, slandered and wronged him with lies, persecuted him without reason, and almost killed him (vv. 61, 69, 78, 85-87, 95, 110), they were not able to overcome him because he continued to meditate on God's Word (v.78). He kept true to the Lord by not forgetting, forsaking, or straying from His laws and precepts (v. 61, 87, 110). The Lord was his hiding place and his shield, just as He will be for us in our time of need. In God's Word we have the assurance that He will uphold His children.

Prayer

        Father, Your Word is truth and has given us great assurance in a seemingly hopeless world. We ask for an ever-increasing desire to read, meditate upon, and memorize Your precious Words of life which light our Christian walk.


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