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Chinese3/4/2005English
經文:出埃及記十七章
鑰節:「我必在何烈的磐石那堹蒂b你面前,你要擊打磐石,從磐石堨畢酗繻y出來,使百姓可以喝。」(17:6)
提要

        以色列人一感到口渴就再度開始抱怨。他們這麼快就忘了上帝曾及時供應肉和嗎哪嗎?當信徒發現自己身處黑暗中時,他們往往就遺忘了昨日的亮光;不過,他們必須學習,光──就是上帝的同在──從未離棄他們。以色列人沒有通過這場信心的考驗。他們的心在上帝面前也不對;似乎當一切順利時,他們就愛上帝,而一旦問題出現,他們就丟掉了對上帝應有的愛和信任,轉而埋怨上帝。

        信徒要學一件功課,就是在任何環境中都不要憂慮(太6:33),只要愛上帝,敬拜讚美祂。像摩西一樣,當我們遭遇問題時,我們需呼求上帝(17:4),因為祂聽我們的禱告,祂是信實的,必會給我們力量去勝過問題。今天我們所面對的試煉往往能使我們的靈性成長。同樣的,以色列人遭遇的困難也是一場考驗,上帝要用以教導他們信賴、順服、愛上帝,使他們有成熟的靈命足以進去承受迦南美地(申8:2~5)。

        上帝憑祂的恩惠,從磐石中奇妙的供應出水;祂用良善回應以色列人的惡行,以祂的大愛化解他們的抱怨。目擊這次奇蹟的長老向他們的族人,述說上帝如何使磐石流出水來;如此,所有的以色列人都能清楚的知道這水是直接從上帝來的,並且,在祂沒有一件不可能的事。

        從保羅在新約堛熊菃@我們曉得,就像嗎哪代表耶穌一樣,「靈水」和「靈磐」也代表祂(林前10:4)。從磐石堿y出豐盛的水泉,同樣的,從永生的源頭,耶穌基督堙A也要流出活水和上帝的祝福(約4:14),耶穌也說,信徒在祂堶悼盛o著聖靈,也必從心中流出活水的泉源(約7:38、39)。被擊打的磐石代表耶穌,祂賜生命的寶血為我們而流,使我們能得著祂的救恩。耶穌真是我們的磐石;祂是我們的避難所和力量,是我們永遠的依靠。

        在得著水的供應後,以色列人接著第一次被迫打仗。這是他們在進迦南途中首次遭遇的攔阻。亞瑪力人代表罪的勢力,不斷要破壞上帝的工作,但藉著代禱,敵人就被擊敗,勝利也屬於上帝。亞瑪力人(以掃的後裔;他們名字的意思是:巨人)是大能的戰士,他們不敬畏上帝,殘忍的從背後偷襲弱小。上帝憎惡他們不公義的行為,他們所得的審判是完全的毀滅(申25:16、19;出17:14)。

        第九節首次提到約書亞。摩西派他挑選人出去爭戰。摩西一定早就注意到約書亞領導統御的能力,並在上帝的引導下,挑選約書亞帶領以色列人出戰。約書亞後來果然成為以色列人的領袖。

        從前以色列人遭遇他們的敵人時,上帝為祂的百姓爭戰(出14:14);現在我們看見上帝透過祂的百姓來爭戰。新約也說明了此點:耶穌基督在十字架上贏了第一場仗,祂粉碎敵人,並且得勝死亡,使我們能享受得救的平安。接下來的仗則將是聖靈透過我們去打──這是一場與肉體持續的抗爭,但我們有得勝的確據,憑著信心,我們能勝過這個世界(約壹5:4、5)。

        禱告是得勝不可或缺的要素。摩西舉手是一個代禱和倚靠上帝的舉動,並向全以色列人表明他們對上帝的倚靠。靠著亞倫和戶珥的支持,這場仗終於打贏了。上帝所揀選的領袖(我們的牧師)需要禱告的支持和鼓勵,使他們能保持堅強,因為他們正和我們的敵人──撒但,打一場屬靈之仗。當我們持續、迫切的用禱告托住他們和我們自己,我們就必得見勝利!

禱告

         親愛的主,您是我們的磐石,在十架上被擊打。我們嘗了您──生命的活水──乾渴就解除了。奉主耶穌基督聖名,阿們!

English

Scriptures:Read Exodus 17
Key Verse:“Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock in Horeb; and you shall strike the rock, and water will come out of it, that the people may drink.
Overview

         As soon as the children of Israel felt thirsty, they began to complain once again. Had they forgotten so soon the provision of the Lord with the meat and manna? When believers find they are in a dark place they tend to forget the light of yesterday; however they must learn that this Light, God’s presence, never abandons them. Israel failed on this test of faith. Their hearts were not right before the Lord; it seemed they loved Him when everything went well, but when problems arose they forgot the love and trust they should have for God and complained against Him.

         There is a lesson for believers not to worry about anything (Matthew 6:33) but to love, worship, and praise God in all circumstances. Like Moses, when we face a problem, we need to cry out to the Lord in prayer (17:4) for He hears and is faithful to give us the strength to overcome. The trials we face today often lead to spiritual growth. In the same way, the difficulties Israel had were tests so God could teach them trust, obedience, and love for Him before they would be spiritually mature enough to enter Canaan (Deut. 8:2-5).

         In God’s gracious and miraculous provision of water, He met their evil doing with His goodness, their complaints with His great love. The elders, as eye witnesses, told their tribes of the miraculous flow of water from the solid rock; thus all the Israelites would clearly know that the water was provided directly form God, and with Him nothing was impossible.

         In the New Testament writings of the Apostle Paul, we learn that just as the manna typified Jesus, so also do the water and the Rock which he called “spiritual: (1Corinthians 10:4). The water flowed out in abundance as do the blessings of the Lord and living water flow out from Jesus Christ, the Source of life eternal (John 4:14). And Jesus has said that whoever believes in Him will receive by His Spirit, rivers of living water flowing out of His heart (John 7:38, 39). The rock which was struck represents Jesus, whose life-giving blood was shed for us that we might see His salvation. Jesus is truly our Rock; He is our refuge and strength on whom we can always depend.

         After the miraculous provision of the water, Israel was forced for the first time to engage in battle. This was the first attempt of interference with their journey to Canaan. Amalek represents evil which tries to prevent the work of God, but with intercessory prayer the enemy is defeated and the Lord is the victor. The Amalekites (descendents of Esau; their name meaning giants) were mighty men of was who did not fear God and, as we are told later, ruthlessly attacked he weak from the rear. Their unrighteous behavior caused them to be considered an abomination to the Lord and their judgment was total destruction (Deuteronomy 25:16-19; Exodus 17:14).

         In verse nine we have the first mention of Joshua, whom Moses gave responsibility to choose men to fight. Moses must have taken note of Joshua’s leadership capabilities and, in the providence of God, selected him to lead the people in battle. Joshua later became their leader.

         In the previous encounter with their enemy, the Lord had fought for His people (Exodus 14:14); now we see here that the Lord fights through His people. This is exactly illustrated in the New Testament: the first battle was won on the cross by Jesus Christ alone as He crushed the enemy and was victorious over death so that we may enjoy the peace of His salvation. The second battle was, and still is, the war of the Holy Spirit through us – a continuous battle against the flesh, but we have assurance that the victory is ours and with our faith we can overcome the world (1 John 5:4, 5).

         Prayer is essential for victory. As we see, Moses held up his hands as an act of intercessory prayer and dependence upon God, showing all the people the reality of this dependence. With the help of his supporters, Aaron and Hur, the battle was won. God’s leaders (our pastors) need to be held up in prayer and encouraged so they may remain strong, for they are engaged in spiritual warfare with our enemy, Satan. When we constantly and fervently hold them and ourselves up in prayer, we will see the victory!

Prayer

         Dear Lord, You are our Rock, smitten on the Cross. We partake of You, Living Water, and our thirst is quenched.


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