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Chinese5/12/2006English
經文:詩篇第六三、六四、六五篇
鑰節:「所揀選,使他親近……。」(65:4)
提要

        詩篇第六三篇是大衛在逃避其子押沙龍追殺期間所撰寫的另一篇詩篇。大衛用美麗的詩句描述他對上帝的深愛,以及他與上帝之間的親密關係。大衛將他的禱告和讚美上帝列為生活中最優先的事。他不斷地盼望到上帝的面前,享受祂的友誼,目睹祂在聖地彰顯祂的權柄和榮耀;就是這一願望,促使他在早晨很早就醒來。他覺得他好像非常需要上帝來紓解他的饑渴,並且充滿他全身,好使他得到力量和滿足(比較約4:14;6:35);如果他每天不跟上帝作這樣的靈交,他就會覺他像乾枯的沙漠一樣(63:1)。他需要與上帝作屬靈的交通,就像他每天需要喝水一樣,因而他一天七次用誠實讚美耶和華(119:164)。如果任何一位信徒要與上帝作屬靈的交通,他們就會將這個時間列為他們生活中最優先的事項。

        大衛宣稱,對他而言,上帝的慈愛(堅固的愛與憐憫)比他的生命還要重要;然而當他還活著的時候,他一定要讚美耶和華。他的感情很像使徒保羅的:「因我活著就是基督……」(腓1:21)。上帝在祂兒女生活中運作的恩典賜給他們最重要的營養物:滿足我們的靈魂,使我們的心愉快(63:5)。因此,就像大衛一樣,讓我們的心緊緊地跟隨上帝(63:8)。

        詩篇第六四篇是我們所熟悉的禱告方式:大衛求上帝的幫助和保護。我們看不出,大衛有遇到人身傷害的危險,但是他抱怨仇敵的活動,因為他們在暗中用「惡言惡語」誹謗他的名譽,也傷害他統治國家的能力,以致使他失去人民的支持(64:2~3)。因此,這一詩篇寫成的時間,很可能也是在押沙龍私下陰謀反抗大衛王的時候。大衛的直覺告訴他,他們很快就會無情地射擊他(64:4);然而他以預言的權威,表達他的信心:上帝會代替他用祂憤怒的箭展開報復行動。當那些不信上帝的人最後看到,上帝憑著祂的大能將那些居高位的惡人拖下來時,他們就會重新思想他們在上帝面前的地位,開始敬畏祂,並且為祂的大能與仁慈作見證。由於惡人的壓迫,那一度為義人所有的憂傷,就會轉變成心裡的喜悅,因為他們也榮耀上帝,信靠上帝了。

        詩篇第六五篇是一篇重新讚美上帝的詩篇,頌讚祂的良善及祝福全地。它也許是寫在收成的季節,因為詩人認為豐收是上帝的直接祝福。大衛立過誓,要每天讚美上帝,不論他是處在何種境況中;當他走到放置錫安山上約櫃的會幕時,他就會宣稱,他對上帝的讚美都是「期待的表現」。大衛知道,他的上帝是聽祂兒女禱告的上帝(65:1~2)。當我們知道,我們的禱告已為上帝垂聽,那是一件多麼奇妙的事啊!尤其是有一天,凡有血氣的人都要跪在祂的面前,承認耶穌基督就是主,一切榮耀歸於父上帝(腓2:10~11)。上帝就是藉著祂救贖了我們的罪(65:3);雖然大衛並沒有得到對彌賽亞的充份啟示,他卻知道,我們靈魂救恩是來自上帝,以及祂會為人的罪準備救贖。

        罪得到潔淨的人才是有福氣的人,並且會被上帝揀選,像祭司一樣接近祂(彼前2:9)──跟祂有屬靈的交通,因而得到完全的屬靈滿足(65:4;比較民16:5)。當詩人詳述上帝的良善與祝福時,他的心意就會轉而想到上帝將祂的良善賜給祂所統治的全地;因此,祂不僅是以色列人的救主,而且也是全人類的救主。祂能平靜海浪,當然也能平靜人類的混亂與暴力(65:7)。當我們的主耶穌在世上時,祂就是在實踐上帝的旨意。(太8:26)。

        由於上帝的恩典,上帝將美好的禮物賜給祂所有的受造物,例如像雨水、五穀,甚至是肥沃的土地(比較太5:45;詩104:14、28)。有一位全能的上帝掌控大自然。祂就是賜下豐收的上帝,所以祂也是應該接受萬民感謝的上帝。正如詩人所稱:「以恩典為年歲的冠冕,您的路徑都滴下脂油」(65:11)。上帝的良善使自然和人類一起歡欣。

禱告

        親愛的父啊,我們渴望永遠留在您的面前,就像大衛那樣。感謝您藉著我們的主耶穌基督,揀選我們,跟您作屬靈的交通。奉主耶穌基督聖名,阿們!

English

Scriptures:Read Psalms 63, 64&65
Key Verse:"Blessed is the man whom You choose, and cause to approach You...".(Psalm 65:4)
Overview

        Psalm 63 is yet another psalm that was likley occasioned by David's escape from Absalom. It beautifully illustrates David's love for God and his close relationship with Him. David put prayer and praise as his top priority. He continually longed to be in God's presence, enjoy fellowship with Him, and see the manifestations of His power and glory from within the Holy Place; this was what motivated him to wake up early in the morning. He felt as though he desperately needed the Lord to quench his thirst and fill him, that he might have strength and satisfaction (cf. John 4:14; 6:35); and if he did not have this daily fellowship with God, he felt like a dried up desert (63:1). He needed communion with God as often as he needed water, and therefore seven times a day he lifted up his soul in praise to the Lord (119:164). If any believer wants to keep in close fellowship with God, they too must resolve to put time with the Lord at the top of their priority list.

        David declares that God's lovingkindness (steadfast love and mercy) is more precious to him than his own life, yet while living he would live to praise the Lord. His sentiments are similar to those of the Apostle Paul: "For to me, to live is Christ..." (Philippians 1:21). The grace of God working in the lives of His children gives us the most important kind of sustenance: satisfaction to our souls and joy in our hearts (63:5). Therefore, like David, let us resolve to closely follow God (63:8).

        Psalm 64 is a familiar plea of David for divine help and protection. There is no indication that David is in danger of physical harm, but he complains about the activities of his enemies who are working underhandedly with "bitter words" to maliciously slander his reputation and undermine his ability to rule the nation, so he might lose the support of the people (642-3). Therefore, the occasion for this psalm was likely the beginning of Absalom's insurrection, when the rebels schemed secretly rather than openly, opposing king David. David's intuition told him that soon they would suddenly shoot at him without fear (64:4), and yet, speaking with prophetic authority, he expresses his confidence that God would retaliate on his behalf with divine arrows of His wrath. When the people, who may have been indifferent to God, would finally see His great deeds in throwing down those wicked men who were once in high places, then they will rethink their position before God, come to fear Him, and become witnesses for Him. The sorrow that the righteous once had, because of the wicked people's oppression, will turn into gladness of heart, because they glorified God and trusted in Him.

        Psalm 65 is a refreshing poetical song of praise to God for His goodness and bountiful blessings upon the whole earth. It was likely occasioned by an abundant harvest season, which the psalmist recognizes as a direct blessing from God. David had made a vow to daily praise the Lord, no matter what the circumstances, and as he went to the tabernacle which he had constructed to house the Ark upon Mount Zion, he proclaimed that his praises to God were awaiting expression. David knew that his God is a God who hears all the words uttered from the mouths of his children (65 :l-2). How wonderful it is to know that our prayers are indeed heard by the One before whom all flesh will one day kneel (65:2) and "confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father" (Philippians 2:10-11). He is the One through whom God has provided atonement for our transgressions (65:3), and though David did not have the fuller revelation of God concerning the Messiah, he did know that the salvation of the soul comes from God and that He would indeed make provision to atone for man's sins.

        The one cleansed from the stain of sin is truly blessed and is chosen by God to approach Him like a priest (1 Peter 2:9), —have fellowship with Him, and thus receive full spiritual satisfaction (65:4; cf. Numbers 16:5). As the psalmist dwells upon the goodness and blessings of God for him personally, his mind turns to consider the goodness of God to all the earth, over which He is sovereign, and as such He is the Saviour for not only Israel but all people of the world. He who can still the waves can just as easily still people's confusion and violence (65:7). Our Lord Jesus did just that when he walked upon the earth doing the will of God (Matthew 8:26).

        Because of God's grace, God gives good gifts to all His creation, such as the rain, grain, and even fertile land (cf. Matthew 5:45; Psalm 104:14, 28). There is no "mother nature"; there is an all-powerful God who is in control of nature. He is the One who gives a plentiful harvest, and so it is He whom we all should thank. As the psalmist proclaims: "You crown the year with Your goodness, and Your paths drip with abundance" (65:11). God's goodness causes nature, as well as man, to rejoice.

Prayer

        Dear Father, we long to be continually in Your presence, as did David. Thank You for choosing us to have fellowship with You through our Lord Jesus Christ.


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