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Chinese5/28/2006English
經文:詩篇第九八、九九、一○○篇
鑰節:「普天下當向耶和華歡呼。」(100:1)
提要

        詩篇第九八篇繼續以耶和華公義統治為主題。它的開始與結束都像第九六篇的一樣。它就稱為「一篇詩」,但是在它的第一節中,我們讀到,它是一首「新歌」,從上帝偉大所鼓舞的心中唱出感謝與讚美。耶和華的奇妙作為,及祂在各時代中所贏得的勝利(尤其是耶穌在十字架上戰勝撒但),都在向所有的人見證祂的救恩。祂是自意及公開地啟示祂的公義和救恩,好使外邦人也能進入祂的約(賽52:10;羅10:13;徒1:18)。對以色列家而言,祂已經信實地實踐祂約的應許,並且派遣耶穌──彌賽亞拯救他們脫離罪惡。在祂的裡面,「地的四極都看見我們上帝的救恩」(98:3),因為祂要按絕對的公正管理、統治、及審判世界(98:3、9)。

        在慶祝上帝的恩典與救恩之後,祂的百姓所有的反應就是使用各種樂器愉快的慶祝並表達對祂的感謝和讚美(賽52:9)。當基督、至尊的君王在贏得最後的勝利之後,來建立祂的王國時,所有的受造物都會得到益處。大自然也會一起讚美祂(羅8:19、21)。

        詩篇第九九篇是為一首屬於皇家的詩篇,頌讚上帝的聖潔(99:3、5、9)。它以愉快的方式慶祝,並以預言的方式盼望耶穌基督以至尊君王的身份統治宇宙萬物。從這一詩篇的開始,它就描述耶和華坐在偉大的寶座上,以在約櫃上的基路伯為象徵,以及施恩座代表祂的腳凳(比較132:7;賽60:13;哀2:1)。詩人邀請百姓到上帝家寶座房裡,在上帝的面前敬拜祂(99:5)。不過,這種希伯來概念並不能將上帝侷限在某一個地方,因為約櫃代表上帝的顯現;同時,我們在其他經文中也看到,大地被視為上帝的腳凳(賽66:1;太5:35)。

        聖潔的君王從祂至高的寶座上,堅立及執行祂的公正,不會有任何偏失(99:4)。並連上帝的忠僕,及以色列的代求者摩西、亞倫、及撒母耳都會因他們的罪受到審判(99:8;比較106:32~33;民20:12~13;撒上8:1~5)。這些都是上帝所揀選在本詩篇中作為榜樣的偉大人物,因為他們讚美上帝的聖潔,而且上帝也回答了他們的禱告。我們也應該同樣地尊崇祂的莊嚴,及依據祂的聖潔,來高舉及敬拜耶和華。

        一系列的皇家詩篇是以第九五篇為始,並以第一百篇為終。它在這一組詩篇中是短的一篇,但是它卻是最有綜合性、也最有深遠意義的一篇。它作為結尾的三一頌,邀請萬邦萬國一起來敬拜至高的耶和華。祇有祂才是上帝,祂的一致性(Oneness)已得到肯定(比較申6:4;王上18:39)。祂已證明為我們的創造主,也是我們有義務讚美祂的主要依據(100:3),但是它不祇是一個義務;我們愉快地事奉祂,是出於衷心的感謝。這一詩篇的主旨是要讚美萬王之王,及萬軍之耶和華,因為祂永遠是信實的、良善的、及有憐憫心的。凡是愛祂及敬拜祂的人都承認,他們倚靠祂,因為祂是創造主。他們是祂的羊群,從祂的草原上領受他們所需的一切(比較賽43:1;弗2:10;彼前2:25;來13:20~21)。

        耶和華的會眾都接受勸告來到祂的面前,感謝、讚美,及頌揚祂的名。在結尾時,詩人說明,我們為什麼「當向耶和華歡呼」(100:1)。第一,因為「耶和華本為善」;第二,「祂的慈愛,存到永遠」;以及第三,「祂的信實直到萬代」(100:5)。當信徒思想到這些奇妙的作為時,它就會給他一個良好的理由,要為耶和華高興。

禱告

        主啊,每當我們思想到您的偉大與莊嚴時,我們的靈就會高聲讚美您,也敬拜您的聖名。我們要向世人見證我們事奉您時感到的愉快和興奮,並且要品嘗您的偉大。奉主耶穌基督聖名,阿們!

English

Scriptures:Read Psalms 98, 99&100
Key Verse:"Make a joyful shout to the Lord, all you lands!"(Psalm 100:1)
Overview

        Psalm 98 continues with the theme of the Lord's righteous reign, and it opens and concludes like Psalm 96. It is simply entitled "A Psalm", but in the first verse we read that it is a "new song", which is always a thankful expression from a heart that is inspired by the goodness of God. The Lord's marvelous deeds and the victories He has won throughout the ages (especially Jesus' victory over Satan at Calvary) bear witness to all the earth of His salvation. He purposely and openly revealed His righteousness and salvation so that Gentiles may also enter into the covenant with Him (Isaiah 52:10; Rom. 10:13; Acts 1:8). To the house of Israel, He has been faithful in fulfilling the promises of the covenant and sending Jesus the Messiah to bring deliverance from sin. In Him "all the ends of the earth have seen the salvation of our God" (98:3), because He rules, reigns and judges all the world with perfect justice (98:3,9).

        After remembering God's gracious mercies and His salvation, the response of His people should be one of exuberant, joyful praise to Him with a variety of musical accompaniment which adds to the joy and celebration (Isaiah 52:9). When Christ, the sovereign King, comes to establish His Kingdom, after winning the final victory, all creation will benefit. Nature will also join in praising Him (Rom. 8:19-21).

        Psalm 99 is yet another royal psalm which is dedicated to the holiness of God (99:3, 5, 9). It joyfully celebrates and prophetically anticipates the reign of Jesus Christ as Sovereign King. From the beginning of the psalm, the Lord is pictured upon His great throne, which was symbolized by the cherubim atop the Ark of the Covenant, and the Mercy Seat represented His footstool (cf.132:7; Isa. 60:13; Lam. 2:1). It is to His throne room in the House of God that the psalmist invites God's people to go and worship Him (99:5). This Hebrew concept, however, did not limit God, for the Ark merely represented God's presence, and in other scriptures we see that the whole earth is considered the footstool of God (Isa. 66:1; Matt. 5:35).

        From His throne on high, the Holy King establishes and executes perfect justice without showing any partiality (99:4). Even Moses, Aaron, and Samuel, who were faithful servants of God and intercessors on behalf of Israel, were judged for their sin (99:8, cf. 106:32-33; Num. 20:12-13; 1 Sam. 8:1 —5). These were great men of God who were likely selected as examples in this psalm because they appreciated the holiness of God, and God answered their reverent prayers. With equal reverence for His majesty and on the basis of His holiness, we too should exalt and worship the Lord.

        Psalm 100 closes the series of royal psalms that began with Psalm 95. It is the shortest psalm in the group, but it is the most comprehensive and profound. It serves as a closing doxology which invites all nations to joyously worship the Sovereign Lord. He alone is God, and His oneness is affirmed (cf. Deut. 6:4; 1 Kings 18:39). He is also affirmed as our Creator, which is a major basis for our obligation to praise Him (100:3), but it is more than just an obligation; we serve Him with gladness, out of the thankfulness of our hearts. The psalm praises the King of kings and Lord of lords for His continued faithfulness, goodness, and mercy. Those who love and worship Him recognize their dependence upon Him for He is their Maker. They affirm that they are His sheep who receive all they need from His pasture (cf. Isa. 43:1; Eph. 2:10; 1 Pet. 2:25; Heb. 13:20-21).

        The people of the congregation of the Lord are exhorted to come into His presence where they have the privilege of thanking, praising, and blessing His name. In closing, the psalmist gives the reasons why we should "make a joyful shout to the Lord" (100:1). Firstly, because "the Lord is good"; secondly, "His mercy is everlasting"; and thirdly, "His truth endures to all generations" (100:5). When the believer considers all these wonderful things, it gives him good reason to get excited about the Lord!

Prayer

        Lord, when we consider Your greatness and majesty, our spirits soar in praise and worship to Your holy name. May the joy and excitement of serving You be evident to the world, that they too might taste of Your goodness.


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