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Chinese11/11/2005English
經文:撒母耳記下十一至十二章
鑰節:「『我得罪耶和華了』……『耶和華已經除掉你的罪,你必不至於死。』」(12:13)。
提要

        本章記載了大衛生命中最大的悲劇。聖經直言不諱的揭露大衛的罪,要表明罪的醜陋和其嚴重的後果。這個故事是民數記卅二章廿三節的最佳說明:「要知道,你們的罪必追上你們」,也用來警告那些還未跌倒的人要永遠保持儆醒,因為沒有人(不論他的職位多高)對罪有免疫力(林前10:11~12)。這個故事還表明了上帝仁慈的赦免那真正悔改的人,因此,對不慎陷入罪中的人也是一大安慰,因為上帝是人的重建者。

        即使是「合上帝心意」的大衛也會犯可怕的罪:貪慾、姦淫、欺騙、陰謀、甚至謀殺。從經文中我們可以看出,大衛很明顯的置身於不恰當的場所。當時以色列正與外敵爭戰,大衛應該履行他神聖的職責領軍作戰,而不是放鬆自己,在屋頂上散步,同時給罪惡留地步。信徒必須專注於遵行上帝的旨意,避免讓罪惡有一點點可乘之機。

        大衛犯罪的另一個原因是,他忘了上帝委派他作群羊牧者的地位和責任。如同拿單所述,上帝已經大大的賜福大衛,並且可以給他更多(12:8),大衛實在沒有理由再奪取上帝已經賜給別人的東西。大衛已經有許多妻室,但他不滿足,還貪戀他鄰居烏利亞美麗的妻子(雅1:15;申17:17)。今天的信徒,我們應該滿足於上帝所賜的一切。我們也永不應忘記我們在基督堛漲a位。我們是上帝的兒女,因此應該反映出上帝的性格。如果我們犯罪,我們就損壞了上帝的形像。

        烏利亞是大衛軍隊中的勇士(23:29)。雖然他原籍赫人,但從他的名字(意為「耶和華之光」)和行為可以很清楚的看出,他已接受了希伯來人的信仰。大衛企圖誘騙烏利亞回家與拔示巴同寢,使人誤以為所生的孩子是烏利亞與拔示巴的結晶,藉以掩蓋大衛姦淫的罪。但烏利亞有高尚的人格,他是個忠心的軍人,有堅強的意志和達到目的的力量。他堅持自己作軍人的優先順序,把心思意念擺在戰場上。

        所以大衛的第一個計謀失敗了。這導致他犯下更嚴重的罪。大衛藉著烏利亞毫不知情的手,給約押捎去致烏利亞於死地的計謀。約押順從大衛,使自己不僅犯了謀殺烏利亞的罪,更糟的是,同時害死了與烏利亞一起中計的以色列人。根據律法,謀殺罪與姦淫一樣應處死刑(利20:10;24;17)。

        大衛的心並沒有悖逆上帝,因為他誠心的悔改了。拿單的比喻和大膽的指責使他大為震驚,也醒悟到自己就是那個他判為該死的富戶(參詩51和32篇)。雖然上帝因祂的憐憫赦免了大衛,但大衛終其餘生仍不免承受自己罪行的苦果。正如拿單的預言,大衛家從此飽受騷亂:「刀劍必永不離開你的家」(12:10;最直接的結果是拔示巴所生之子的死,12:18;後來還有大衛其他三子的死,13:28;18:14;王上2:25)。此外,大衛家還爆發公開的醜聞以及內亂(12:11;及押沙龍之叛,16:22)。不過,因為大衛的悔改,上帝重新建立他,祝福他得子所羅門,並使他爭戰得勝(12:29)。

禱告

        請翻到詩篇五十一篇,與我們一起用大衛的詩作禱告。

English

Scriptures:Read 2 Samuel 11 &/12
Key Verse:"I have sinned against the Lord',... 'The Lord has also put away your sin; you shall not die.'"(2 Samuel 12:13)
Overview

        These chapters record the greatest tragedy in the life of David. The Bible tells it like it is, without concealing the sin, but rather exposing it to show its ugliness and the grave consequences of it. The story illustrates well the scripture, "be sure your sin will find you out" (Numbers 32:23) and serves as a warning to those who have not fallen that they should always be on their guard, for no one, no matter how high their position might be, is immune to sin (1 Corinthians 10:11-12). The story also illustrates the gracious forgiveness of God to the truly repentant and thus serves to comfort those have fallen into sin, for God is a restorer of persons.

        We see that even David, who was called a man after God's own heart, fell into terrible sin: lust, adultery, deceit, conspiracy, and even murder. One might ask, "How was this possible?" From the text, it is evident that David was in the wrong place at the wrong time. Israel was engaged in warefare at that time, and David should have been fulfilling his divinely appointed role in leading the battle (10:7; 11:1), not wasting his time relaxing, walking on his roof, and opening himself up to the tricks of the devil. We as believers must keep ourselves engaged in doing the Lord's will and avoid even the appearance of evil.

        Another reason David fell into sin was that he forgot his position and the responsibilities of a divinely appointed shepherd over God's flock. As Nathan expressed, God has blessed him with so much and could have given him more (12:8). He had no excuse to take something that God had given to another. David already had many wives, and it is an evil of polygamy that he was not satisfied, causing hims to lust after more and covet his neighbour Uriah's beautiful wife (cf. James 1:15; Deuteronomy 17:17). We, as belivers today, likewise must be content with what God has given us. We must never forget our position in Christ; we are children of God and as such should reflect the character of God. If we sin, we mar that image.

        Uriah was considered one of the bravest soliders in David's army (23:39). Although he was a Hittite, it is clear by his name, which means "light of Jehovah", and by his conduct that he had accepted the faith of the Hebrews. David tried to cover up his sin of adultery by attempting to trick Uriah to go and lie with his wife so it would be supposed that the child was his own. Uriah was a nobel man and a faithful soldier with a strong will and strength of purpose. He, unlike David, had his priorities straight and felt responsible as a soldier to keep his mind on the battle.

        So David's first cover-up failed. This led to an even greater sin. In Uriah's own faithful and unsuspecting hands, David sent to Joab the message of his death-plot. Joab obeyed and David brought upon himself not only the bloodguiltiness for the murder of Uriah but a worse crime, because of the Israelite men who dies with him (11:17). According to the law, murder was punishable by death, as was adultery (Leviticus 20:10; 24:17).

        David's heart was not in rebellion against God, for he sincerely repented after Nathan's parable and bold rebuke shocked him into the realization that he was the one whom he unknowingly and indignantly said deserved to die (see Psalm 51 and 32). Though God in His mercy forgave David, he still had to suffer the scandal and consequences of his sin for the rest of his life. Just as Nathan had foretold, David's household was in much turmoil; "the sword did not depart from his house" (12:10; the immediate death of his son, 12:18; and later the death of three other sons, 13:28; 18:14; 1 Kings 2:25). There was also open immorality and rebellion by his family against him (12:11; e.g. Absalom 16:22). Yet, because of David's repentance, God restored him, blessed him with the birth of Solomon, and gave him victory in his battles (12:29).

Prayer

        Please look up Psalm 51 and join us in praying David's prayer.


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