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Chinese11/28/2005English
經文:列王紀上三至四章
鑰節:「以色列眾人……就都敬畏他,因為見他心埵酗W帝的智慧,能以斷案。」(3:28)
提要

        初登王位的所羅門像他父親一樣愛上帝、順服上帝、敬畏上帝。他帶著奉獻、敬拜的心上基遍獻祭,因為當時上帝的會幕在基遍(參代下1:3~6)。會幕本來在細羅,以色列人與非利士人作戰後才遷移到基遍。不過約櫃仍存放在大衛於耶路撒冷建造的帳幕內(3:15;撒下6:17)。

        所羅門在獻完祭的那晚作了一個奇特的夢。他知道以色列民人數又多,又難治理,憑他自己的力量無法勝任。他說:我面對上帝賜給他的大國,他感到自己經驗不足,裝備亦不夠。許多上帝呼召出來為祂作大事的人都有這種謙卑的態度,藉著這種人,上帝的榮耀才能清楚的彰顯出來(如摩西,及早期的掃羅;出3:11;撒上9:21;15:17;耶1:6)。上帝既已呼召所羅門,祂也會裝備他。

        上帝喜悅所羅門求智慧。按照希伯來文直譯,所羅門所求的是一個「能聽的心」。那是一種能聽從上帝的聲音、接受祂的引導、並且能理解、察驗、及判斷的心。所羅門想要的智慧是所有信徒都應向上帝祈求的智慧。它包含了對上帝旨意的知識,和屬靈的領悟力,使人能以走主的道路、討祂的喜悅、並在上帝的知識上有長進。上帝不只樂意賜給所羅門智慧,也要賜給他財富、尊榮。如果他像大衛一樣一直忠於上帝,上帝更要使他得以長壽。

        所羅門第一次展現智慧是在解決兩個聲稱擁有同一個小孩的妓女糾紛上。所羅門高明的斷案方式傳遍了全以色列,也贏得所有百姓高度的尊敬。他們承認所羅門是上帝所揀選的王,因為上帝很明顯的賜給他智慧來施行公正。

        所羅門的智慧從他的政府體制上(第四章)也顯而易見。一些曾服事過大衛的官員仍被所羅門續聘(參撒下20:23~26),但所羅門的國度既已擴展,他還需要更多的人來幫助他。除了十一位與他最密切的高級官員外(4:1~6),他還在以色列的十二個區域內立了十二位官吏,在每一年的十二個月份中,輪流供應王家所需的龐大食糧(稅)。這個高度分工的政府系統非常有效率,使所羅門牢牢的掌握了他的國家。

        所羅門也統治所有以色列周圍的國家,它們成為所羅門的臣屬,向他納貢,豐厚了以色列的府庫。從幼發拉底河到埃及邊界都在所羅門統管之下,應驗了上帝在創世記十五章十八節對亞伯拉罕的應許。所羅門作王時期是以色列的黃金時代──以色列享有能力、繁榮、和平靖。猶大支派和以色列各支派團結聯合,滿足的享受所羅門智慧的統治(4:25)。上帝果真應允了所羅門智慧的請求,也大大祝福了所羅門所統治的以色列國。

禱告

        主啊,賜給我們聽從您的心,明瞭您話語的靈,和遵行您旨意的意志。我們為您的祝福讚美您!奉主耶穌聖名,阿們!

English

Scriptures:Read 1 Kings 3 &4
Key Verse:"And all Israel... feared the king, for they saw that the wisdom of Cod was in him to administer justice."(1 Kings 3:28)
Overview

        Solomon began his reign in the manner of his father by loving, obeying, and honouring God. In devotion and worship, he went to sacrifice unto the Lord in Gibeon, called the great high place, because the Tabernacle of the Lord, which housed the bronze altar, was there at that time (cf. 2 Chronicles 1:3-6). It had formerly been in Shiloh but was moved sometime after the battle with the Philistines (1 Samuel 4:3, 10). The Ark of the Covenant, however, was housed in the tent that David erected in Jerusalem (3:15; 2 Samuel 6:17).

        That night, after sacrificing to the Lord, Solomon had a supernatural dream. He knew that the children of Israel were a difficult people and too numerous to govern in his own strength. He showed his humility by saying, "I am a little child" (3:7), although he was probably around twenty years old. He felt inexperienced and ill-equipped to handle the great kingdom God had given him. Many of the people God called for a great purpose were humble and felt unworthy, and it is through these types of people that the glory of God can be clearly seen, if they remain humble (e.g. Moses, Exodus 3:11; during Saul's early reign, 1 Samuel 9:21; 15:17; Jeremiah 1:6). Since God had called Solomon, God would also equip him.

        The Lord was pleased when Solomon asked for wisdom. His request, literally translated from the Hebrew, was for a "hearing heart" (3:9). This implies a heart that hears from God and is led by Him to listen, comprehend, and discern the judgments he was required to make as a king. This kind of wisdom Solomon desired is something all believers should ask of God. It includes knowledge of God's will and spiritual understanding to walk worthy of the Lord, please Him, and grow in the knowledge of Him (see Colosians 1:9-11; James 1:5-6). God was pleased to bless Solomon with not only wisdom, but also with unsurpassed wealth and honour, and if he remained faithful to the Lord as David had, God would give him a long life (see Matthew 6:33).

        The first time we read of Solomon's wisdom being put into practice was in his brilliant settlement of the dispute between the two harlots who claimed the same baby. The news of the way in which Solomon had resolved this problem spread throughout all the land, causing the people to highly respect him. They recognized Solomon as being God's chosen king, because it was clear that God had given him wisdom to administer justice (key verse, 3:28).

        Solomon's wisdom was also evident in the practical administration of the government, as we see in chapter four. Some of the officials who served under David were retained by Solomon (comp. 2 Samuel 20:23-26), but since he had expanded the kingdom, Solomon needed others to help him and was wise in the delegation of work. There were eleven high ranking officials who worked closely with him (4:1-6) and twelve governors, one per region, who were each responsible for supplying the vast amount of food (taxation) required for the royal court for one month out of every year. This highly organized governmental system was very efficient and gave Solomon firm control over all his kingdom.

        Solomon also had dominion over all the surrounding nations which were his vassals and paid him tribute, thus enriching Israel tremendously. He ruled from the River Euphrates to the border of Egypt (4:21), thus fulfilling God's promise to Abraham in Genesis 15:18. It was the golden age of Israel — a time of power, prosperity, and peace. The tribes of Judah and Israel were unified and content under Solomon's wise administration (4:25). God had truly answered Solomon's noble request for wisdom and blessed Israel under his rule.

Prayer

        Lord give us hearts and minds that listen to You, comprehend what You are saying, and do as You desire. We praise You for Your blessings!


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