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Chinese11/10/2019English
經文:詩篇第卅五、卅六篇
鑰節:「因為在您那裡有生命的源頭,在您的光中,我們必得見光。」(36:9)
提要

        詩人在詩篇第卅五篇中不僅將上帝描述成一位至高無上的審判官,也將祂說成一位保護無助者的勇敢戰士(35:1~3,10;參出15:3;申32:41)。大衛招架不住那些曾經是朋友,現在卻惡意詆譭他的人。他們甚至找來一些人,做假見證攻擊他,就像當年的祭司文士欲加害耶穌一樣(可14:57~48)。前述兩種情形,那些惡人都沒有什麼正當理由;也不曾被激怒,就無端起而攻擊無辜的人;正如詩人所說:「他們向我以惡報善」(35:12;約10:32)。

        大衛一再懇求耶和華證明他是無辜的,並且拯救他脫離那些要攻擊他,也要吃掉他的邪惡「獅子」(35:15~17、25)。他祈求上帝不僅保護他,還要追擊他的仇敵,使他們受公義的審判,也使他們被自己的網羅纏住(35:8)。大衛相信上帝會救他的性命,保守他的榮譽,並使那些羞辱他的仇敵也得到同樣的報應。大衛知道,上帝已經看到那些人是如何攻擊他的(35:17、22),上帝也會按著自己的公義審判惡人(35:24)。因此,他本著信心宣告,當他被拯救時,他必靠耶和華的救恩高興(35:9);他要在大會中稱謝祂,在眾民中讚美祂(35:18);他要終日論說祂的公義,時常讚美祂(35:28)。

        詩人在詩篇第卅六篇中以優美辭藻說明耶和華的仁慈,並將祂的仁慈和惡人的邪行作一尖銳的對比。大衛描述仇敵的邪惡時,明白指出對方所犯最大的罪就是沒有敬畏上帝。大衛以對方為例證,說明惡人如何以邪惡和仇恨為樂。由於惡人不敬畏耶和華,他就不行善,也不排斥邪惡,因為他認為他不必對任何人負責(36:3~4)。他與詩篇第卅四篇所描述的人完全相反,因為另外那人是敬畏上帝的,蒙上帝祝福,得享快樂的長壽(34:11、14)。

        詩人用好幾個自然界的壯觀景像,來形容上帝的屬性。他形容耶和華的憐憫、信實、公義、審判既偉大,又令人敬畏,不是人類有限的頭腦所能理解的。他非常肯定,如此偉大的上帝就是人類與動物的保護者。萬物都靠祂而活。祂為所有的受造物提供生存所需。

        對人來說,上帝最寶貴的屬性就是慈愛(36:7)。譯成慈愛的希伯來文hesed含有非常豐富的意義。它是以上帝恩典和憐憫為基礎的堅定的愛,正因為這樣,大衛感謝上帝說:「世人投靠在您翅膀的蔭下」(36:7)。祇要耶和華保護那些投靠祂的人,祂就會賜給他們恩典,例如祂以富饒的大地為他們提供充足的食物和水源(36:8)。不過,那些尋找祂的人就會發現,在上帝的裡面有生命的源頭(36:9),不僅因為祂是所有生命的最後源頭,而且也因為祂藉著耶穌來到世上,賜給人類真生命和永恆的生命(參約4:10、14),而賜下生命之水──一種屬靈的生命,也即:我們在這種生命中被召走出黑暗進入奇妙的光明(彼前2:9),所以我們才能充份地享受這一生命。人類就是在耶穌、世界之光裡領受了生命之光(比較約1:4~5、9;約壹1:5~7;林後4:6)。

禱告

        我們的天父,感謝您為我們帶來世界之光,我們的主、救主、耶穌基督來到世上,我們才有了生命,並且使這一生命更為豐盛。願您的光今天藉著我們照亮這黑暗的世界。奉主耶穌基督聖名,阿們!

English

Scriptures:Read Psalms 35&36
Key Verse:"For with You is the fountain of life; in Jour light we see light."(Psalm 36:9)
Overview

        In Psalm 35 the psalmist pictures God as not only a supreme judge but a strong warrior who stands in defense of the helpless (35 :l-3, 10; cf. Exodus 15:3; Deuteronomy 32:41). David had felt defenceless before a group of men who were once his friends but were now maliciously slandering him. They had even hired false witnesses to testify against him, just as the strong political/religious party had done to Jesus (Mark 14:57-48). In both cases, it was without just cause or provocation that they rose up against the innocent man, and as the psalmist expressed, "they reward me evil for good" (35:12; John 10:32).

        David repeatedly appealed to the Lord to deliver, rescue, and vindicate him from the vicious lions that attacked him and wanted to eat him (35:15-17, 25). He asked that God not only defend him but also pursue his enemies, that they might be brought to justice and be caught in their own nets (35:8). David had faith that God would indeed save his life, preserve his honour, and repay his adversaries with the same dishonour and shame as they had given him. David knew that God had seen all that was done against him (35:17, 22), and according to His righteousness (35:24), He would bring judgment on the wicked. Therefore, with faith he exclaimed that when he was delivered, he would rejoice in the Lord's salvation (35:9), give Him public credit, thanks, and praise (35:18); and he would continually speak of His righteousness and praise (35:28).

        In Psalm 36 the Lord's gracious lovingkindness is beautifully expressed and stands in sharp contrast to the evils of the wicked. In describing his wicked enemy, David points out that his most blatant transgression is in not fearing God. David uses him as a prime example of the wicked who take pleasure in iniquity and hate. Since the wicked man has no fear of God, he ceases doing good and does not reject evil, for he thinks he is not accountable to anyone (36:3-4). He is the total opposite to the one David had previously described in Psalm 34 as the type of person who does fear God and who is blessed with a long happy life (34:11-14).

        With beautiful words of adoration to the Lord, the psalmist likens several attributes of God to the different wonders of nature. He describes the mercy, faithfulness, righteousness, and judgments of the Lord which are so great and awesome that they are incomprehensible to the finite mind of man. He concludes that the God who is so great is truly the preserver of both man and beast. In Him all things have their being. He sustains all of His creation.

        The attributes of God most precious to man is His loving kindness (36:7). The Hebrew word hesed, translated as loving kindness, is pregnant with meaning. It is a steadfast love which is based upon the grace and mercy of God, and because of it, David thanked the Lord, saying: "Therefore the children of men put their trust under the shadow of Your wings" (36:7). As well as providing protection for those who trust in Him, the Lord has given general grace to all mankind by providing them with food and water from His plentiful earth (36:8). Those who seek Him, however, find that within Him is the fountain of life (36:9), not only because he is the ultimate source of all natural life, but because He provides the water of life through Jesus Christ who came to give true life and life everlasting (cf. John 4:10, 14) — a spiritual life wherein we have been called out of darkness into His marvelous light (1 Peter 2:9) so we might enjoy life to its fullest. It is in Jesus, the Light of the world, that mankind receives the light of life (cf. John 1:4-5, 9; 1 John 1:5-7; 2 Corinthians 4:6).

Prayer

        Heavenly Father, thank You for the Light of the world, our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, who came that we might have life, and have it more abundantly. May Your light shine through us today to a darkened world.


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