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Chinese8/13/2019English
經文:列王紀下廿四至廿五章
鑰節:「這禍臨到猶大人誠然是耶和華所命的,要將他們從自己面前趕出,是因瑪拿西所犯的一切罪。」(24:3)
提要

        約西亞死在法老尼哥手下後,猶大就成了埃及的屬國(23:35)。後來巴比倫的勢力興起,猶大國又在約雅敬第三年時向巴比倫俯首稱臣。從別處資料我們曉得,巴比倫王在這段時期從猶大挑選優秀青年,將他們擄回巴比倫,其中包括了但以理、沙得拉、米煞、和亞伯尼歌(但1:1~7),同時巴比倫也掠奪了聖殿的一些物品。

        約雅敬服事了巴比倫三年後,竟不智的背叛這個超級強國。約雅敬和他被擄到埃及的兄弟約哈斯都行上帝眼中看為惡的事。在敬虔的約西亞王執政期間,上帝已經延緩了祂的刑罰,但不論約西亞如何努力,他的屬靈復興運動畢竟未能生根於大部分的百姓和他自己的兒子心中。難怪上帝要開始在猶大施行審判,因為他們已惡貫滿盈,尤其是瑪拿西在位期間,「他流無辜人的血,充滿了耶路撒冷」(24:3~4)。上帝自己起來擔任報血仇的角色。

        上帝派了許多不同的侵略者,作為對猶大和約雅敬的懲罰(耶22:18~19;36:30)。約雅敬的兒子約雅斤繼位後,就嘗到了他父親背叛巴比倫的後果;他還沒留下任何子嗣就連同許多其他的猶大百姓被擄到巴比倫為奴。巴比倫的尼布甲尼撒王指派約雅斤的叔叔西底家在猶大成立傀儡政府,但西底家也一樣行上帝眼中看為惡的事。

        西底家是大衛王朝在猶大的最後一任國王。他背叛巴比倫,使耶路撒冷遭到前所未有的災難。巴比倫圍政耶路撒冷一年半之久,造成城中嚴重的饑荒(25:3;哀2:11;4:3~6)。在此期間,上帝興起來多位先知,包括耶利米,但西底家對他們的警告不但充耳不聞,還惡待上帝的先知(代下36:15~16;耶37、38章)。當巴比倫的撞城鎚終於突破了耶城的城牆,西底家慌忙逃命,但卻在靠近耶利哥的平原處落網;他的雙眼被挖出,與其他成千上萬的猶大俘虜被帶回巴比倫為囚。聖殿所剩餘的財寶被巴比倫人一掃而空,聖殿本身、耶城城牆、以及城內的主要建築物也都被敵人摧毀。這一切的災難不只因為西底家背叛巴比倫,最主要的理由還是:罪。

        耶利米瞭解猶大所遭受的審判來自上帝。他試著使其他人相信並接受上帝的旨意,以阻止一窩蜂的逃亡潮。巴比倫所指派的猶大省長基大利顯然也接受耶利米的觀點(25:24;耶40:5~6),但他後來被謀殺,許多猶大百姓害怕巴比倫的報復,還是逃到埃及尋求庇護。

        猶大悲哀的故事卻終於一個有趣的結尾。在約雅斤牢獄生涯的第三十七年,也就是當他五十五歲時,巴比倫的新王以未米羅達向他大施仁慈。約雅斤蒙此皇恩可能是因為他在牢中悔改、自卑、歸向上帝,因此得到上帝的憐憫。列王紀下於是在希望聲中結束,因為在猶大看來似乎毫無希望的流亡命運堙A仍露出一束希望的光芒。

禱告

        主上帝,我們在列王紀中看到一些不聽從先知教導的國王和百姓。幫助我們仔細的聽從您的先知、祭司、和君王──主耶穌基督,並求您賜給我們悔改的恩典,使我們按照您的心意而活。奉主耶穌聖名,阿們!

English

Scriptures:Read 2 Kings 24&25
Key Verse:"Surely at the commandment of the Lord this came upon Judah, to remove them from His sight because of the sins of Manasseh...".(2 Kings 24:3)
Overview

        After Josiah's death at the hands of Pharaoh Necho, Judah became subjected as vassals of Egypt (23:35). When the Babylonians exerted their power, Judah became Babylon's vassal in the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim (Josiah's son). From other sources, we know that at this time Babylon carried off as captives some of the choicest young men, among them Daniel, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-Nego. They also took some articles from the Temple (Daniel 1:1-7).

        After three years of paying tribute to Babylon, Jehoiakim unwisely rebelled against the super-power. He and his brother Jehoahaz, who had been carried off to Egypt (23:31-34), did evil in the sight of the Lord. God had suspended His punishment for a time under the reign of godly Josiah; yet, however hard Josiah tried, his spiritual reformation did not take root in the hearts of the majority of the people nor in the hearts of his sons. It is no wonder God began to bring judgment upon Judah for all their provocation, especially under Manasseh, because of much sin and the "innocent blood that he had shed" (24:3-4). God took upon Himself the role of blood avenger.

        God sent many different bands of raiders as punishment upon Judah and Jehoiakim (Jeremiah 22:18-19; comp. Jeremiah 36:30). When Jehoiakim's son Jehoiachin inherited the throne, he reaped the consequences of his father's rebellion against Babylon. Before he had any children, he was carried away as a captive, along with many others, to Babylon. The powerful king Nebuchadnezzar exerted his authority by appointing Jehoiakim's uncle, Zedekiah (another son of godly Josiah) as his vassal king, but he, too, did evil in the sight of the Lord.

        Zedekiah was the last of the Davidic kings to rule in Judah. Because he rebelled against Babylon, the city of Jerusalem met with disaster. For one and a half years it underwent a terrible seige and suffered a great famine (25:3; Lamentations 2:11 4:3-6). At this time God raised up prophets, including Jeremiah, but Zedekiah never heeded his warnings and treated him badly (2 Chronicles 36:15-16; Jeremiah 37, 38). When the battering-rams finally broke through the wall, Zedekiah fled but was caught near Jericho, blinded, and taken prisoner to Babylon, along with thousands of other captives. The remainder of the treasures in the Temple were carried away, and the Temple itself, as well as walls and major buidings of Jerusalem, were all destroyed. The reason for all these calamities was not only Zedekiah's rebellion against Babylon, but there was on main reason: sin.

        Jeremiah realized this was a punishment from God. He tried to convince others of the same so they would stop the fight and accept the will of God. Evidently Gadaliah, whom the Babylonians had appointed governor of Judah, followed Jeremiah's views (25:24; Jeremiah 40:5-6), but he was killed when conspirators rose up against him. Out of fear of Babylonian retaliation, many fled for safety to Egypt.

        This sad story ends on an interesting note. In the thirty-seventh year of Jehoiachin's imprisonment, when he was fifty-five years old, the new king of Babylon, Evil-Merodach, showed him kindness. It may well be that Jehoiachin received this favour as a mercy from God for repenting, humbling himself, and turning to God while in prison. The Second Book of Kings therefore ends on a note of hope, for some light has been shed on the seemingly hopeless situation of Judah in exile.

Prayer

        Lord God, we read how some of the kings and some of the people refused to listen to Jour prophets. Help us to listen very carefully to Your Prophet, Priest, and King, the Lord Jesus Christ, and give us grace to repent and live as You would have us live. Amen.


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