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Chinese7/16/2005English
經文:申命記卅三章
鑰節:「永生的上帝是你的居所,祂永久的膀臂在你以下…」(33:27)
提要

        摩西為以色列人作歌的同日,上帝也要他登上尼波山,摩西將死在這座山上(32:48~50)。在摩西的告別式上,他按照一般領袖或父親臨終前的習慣,為以色列各支派祝福。摩西視以色列人如己出,他像慈父般愛他們達四十年之久,所以他對以色列人的最後一番話也應格外受到注意。

        摩西對以色列人的祝福是根據:上帝「疼愛百姓,眾聖徒都在祂手中」(3節)。上帝大得足以照顧祂的每一個兒女,保護他們在祂手中不受傷害,耶穌也保證我們在上帝手中是安全的:「我父把羊賜給我,祂比萬有都大,誰也不能從我父手塈漭L們奪去。」(約10:29)

        安居在上帝手中的人就是坐在祂腳下,領受祂的言語(3節),如馬利亞坐在耶穌腳前一樣(路10:39)。這是順服、尊敬、和全神貫注的表現。作為上帝的兒女,我們必須坐在耶穌腳前向祂學習──存禱告的心仔細傾聽,並全神貫注讀祂的話。摩西稱上帝的話是「雅各會眾的產業」(4節),必須被珍惜、尊敬,並將此產業傳與後代。

        摩西之前已經把咒詛講清楚了,現在他只宣告祝福,但這些祝福只有在順服上帝的情況下才能享有。摩西以詩歌、預言、祈禱和感謝的語調祝福。這篇祝福表達了他對以色列的關切和愛,如同我們所見,摩西是以色列人最偉大的代禱者。他為流便支派的祝福是懇求上帝使他們不致滅絕(6節)。為猶大(彌賽亞王室)的祝福似乎是祈禱他們能實現雅各的預言,為自己的同胞擊敗敵人(7節)。

        有趣的是,摩西的祝福並沒有提到西緬。雅各在從前曾預言西緬的後裔將散居在以色列中,不成支派。利未支派雖然也在同一預言中受到咒詛(創49:7),但他的咒詛卻轉為祝福。利未支派的確也散居在以色列中,但因為他們忠於上帝(出32:26~28),他們的分散有了新的意義。利未人有幸在上帝面前服事,並教導以色列人明白上帝的律法(10節)。摩西也祈禱上帝的土明和烏陵與大祭司同在,使他有從上帝而來的智慧和知識。

        便雅憫必從上帝得平安和蔭庇(12節)。約瑟因流便喪失長子權而得著雙份的產業(創48:22),所以他的兩個兒子,以法蓮和瑪拿西,也在以色列中分別成為二支派。他們的祝福是最長、也是最好的,包含了地上最豐盛美好的應許。其他支派也都得著摩西慈愛的祝福。

        摩西祝福完畢後,再次提起「耶書崙的上帝」,祂是誠實正直的上帝,迅速援助祂的百姓,保護義人,將他們藏在祂慈愛、永不疲乏、永不失敗的膀臂之下(27節)。祂是他們的盾牌和刀劍(29節)。無人能比以色列全能的上帝。祂是一切美福的源頭(弗1:3)。摩西一心要在他死前使他所愛的百姓明白這點。上帝的偉大和屬性也是今天的信徒需要清楚認識的。

禱告

        上帝啊!我們在您永遠的膀臂下得享何等的平安和保障!願我們永不讓罪侵擾這永恆的恩福。奉主耶穌聖名,阿們!

English

Scriptures:Deuteronomy 33
Key Verse:“The eternal God is your refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms…”(Deuteronomy 33:27)
Overview

        The same day Moses recited the Song of Witness to Israel, the Lord told him he was to go up to Mount Nebo where he would die (32:48-50). In his farewell, he blessed the tribes of Israel, as was the custom for a leader or a father to do before his death (e.g. the patriarch Jacob). Moses considered Israel his own children, for he had loved and fathered them for 40 years. These were his last words to the congregation; therefore, they were to be well noted.

        The blessings Moses gave were based upon the words: “Yes, He loved the people; all His saints are in Your hand” (v.3). God is great enough to care for each one of His children that none come to harm while they are safe in His hand. Jesus confirmed the protection we have in the hand of God: “My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all, and no one is able to snatch them out of My Father’s hand” (John 10:29).

        Those who find refuge and comfort in God’s hand are said to sit down at His feet and receive His words (v.3), just as did Mary, the expresses submission, reverence, and the giving of one’s full attention to the teacher. To be God’s children, we must sit at the feet of Jesus and learn from Him – listening prayerfully, reading and absorbing His Holy Word. Moses called God’s Word to them “a heritage of the congregation of Jacob” (v.4). It was to be treasured, respected, and passed down to future generations.

        Moses is done with pronouncing cruses. He now utters only blessings, but these blessings can be enjoyed only in obedience to the Lord. His words are poetic, prophetic, prayerful, and thankful. They express his concern and love, for as we have seen, Moses was a great intercessor on behalf of Israel. His words concerning the tribe of Reuben are a plea to God that they may not see extinction (v.6). The blessing for Judah, the royal line of the Messiah (as prophesied by Jacob, Gen.49:10), seems to be a prayer that they might fulfill Jacob’s prophecy and accomplish victory for his people over the enemies (v.7).

        Interestingly, Simeon is not mentioned in the blessing of Moses. Jacob had foretold that his descendants would be scattered in Israel and lose their identity as a tribe. On the other hand, Levi, who shared the same prophecy (Gen.49:7), had the curse turned into a blessing. They were indeed scattered throughout Israel, but because of their faithfulness to God (Ex.32:26-28) it was with new significance. Levi received the honor of ministering before God and teaching His Law to the people (v.10). Moses prayed that god’s Thummin and Urim (Ec.28:30) would be with the high priest, giving him wisdom and knowledge form God.

        Benjamin would find safety and shelter in the Lord (v.12). Joseph had been given the double portion of the inheritance when Reuben forfeited his right as the first-born (Gen.48:22); therefore his two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, were each given separate tribal status. Their blessing is the longest as well as the choicest, with the promise of great abundance in earthly blessings. The rest of the tribes are given loving blessings involving success.

        After Moses blessed the tribes, he referred once again to the “God of Jeshurun: (vv.5, 26), the God of the upright, who comes quickly to their aid and provides refuge for the righteous. He holds them in His loving, never-tiring, never-failing arms (v.27). He is their shield and sword (v.29). None other can compare with the omnipotent God of Israel. He is the Source and Giver of every blessing (Eph.1:3); Moses sought to make this clear to his beloved people before his death, and it is something that believers today need to know as well.

Prayer

        Lord God, what peace and security we have being held in Your everlasting arms! May we never allow sin to jeopardize that eternal blessing from You.


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