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Chinese7/8/2006English
經文:箴言廿七∼廿八章
鑰節:「壞人不明白公義,惟有尋求耶和華的,無不明白。」(28:5)
提要

        這兩章的箴言,主要在談人際關係,包括愛、友誼和樂捐,而所有的例子中,成功的人都與智慧和上帝有關。一個國家的統治者,尤其需要智慧,而那些有智慧的王,也必在上帝的祝福下,統治權延續不斷,又有公義成功的統治,就像上帝應許給大衛王朝的(28:2,15~16,29:2,4)。

        無論何人,忠心服事上帝的,必得上帝的回報;像看守無花果樹的,果樹雖屬主人,但他們仍可吃果實做為回報(27:18);同樣的,那些餵養上帝兒女的牧者,他們不僅可收到屬靈的果子,同時也可從所牧養的人中,得到物質上的回饋,就像一個勤勉的牧羊人,他可從羊身上得到回報(羊毛和奶27:23~27,林前9:7,10~14)。如果一個僕人忠心服事主人,他必得尊榮(27:18);上帝明白人心所想的和人的動機,因此祂會祝福那些忠心服事祂的人,並且為他們預備了永生做為回報(林前3:7~9,14);無論上帝將我們放在什麼地方,我們都該勤勉忠心的做所有的事,一切都是為主而做。

        在這章中也同時提到,朋友責備的價值;一個真正愛你的朋友,會當面指責你的錯誤及建議你該走的路,因為他希望你在上帝的智慧和知識中成長;責備的話有時是令人難過的,但是給人信心,不像欺騙你的朋友,事實上他們根本不是朋友,他的話多為阿諛、撒謊,一點無益,只有充滿傷害(27:5~6)。

        一個真實智慧的朋友,會給你嚴厲的勸告,如此能使你心歡喜,願意接受勸告(27:9);要想成為智慧之人,有受教的靈是先決條件。朋友責備的話,好像利刃能幫助我們建立更好的人格(27:17);不僅是責備的話可考驗精進我們,讚美的話也同樣有功效(27:21),但智慧的人也要留心,不要讓讚美和名聲使我們驕傲,智慧的人會感謝責備他的朋友(28:23)。

        箴言是由上帝的靈感動而寫成的,它能使接受它的人得責備而改正,許多人讀到這些智慧的話,他們的心柔軟,受改變,成為更敬虔更像基督的人。對有一些人可能是改變性情,另一些人可能改變能約束自己或變的勤快,無論如何,上帝用祂的話使我們更好,活在地上更能代表祂自己。上帝是智慧的泉源,因此祂樂意我們向祂求智慧,但是任何一個人尋求改變的第一步是:尋求上帝和祂的公義,如此我們和上帝有一個正確的關係,此時,其他的東西祂都要給我們(太6:33,提前4:8);在上帝大能的靈代領之下,我們要成為智慧公義的人,必蒙祂的拯救(28:18)又能明白上帝的心意(28:5),不會離開上帝所要我們在的崗位(27:8)。

禱告

        上帝啊!讓我們的靈魂渴慕尋求您,感謝您藉耶穌基督的寶血,使我們能與您相合,求您繼續更新我們的心思,有您的智慧能更親近您。奉主耶穌聖名,阿們!

English

Scriptures:Read Proverbs 27&28
Key Verse:"Evil men do not understand justice, but those who seek the Lord understand all."(Proverbs 28:5)
Overview

        These miscellaneous proverbs deal mainly with human relations, including love, friendship, and charity. In all cases, the wisdom of God is needed to live and relate to others successfully. A ruler especially needs wisdom, and those who have wisdom and understanding are blessed by God with a prolonged dynasty and a successful and righteous reign, as God promised King David (28:2,15-16; 29:2, 4).

        Those in any position who faithfully serve God are rewarded. The one who "tends to the fig tree", even though it belongs to his master, will be blessed and rewarded by eating of its fruit (27:18a). Likewise, the one who sows and cares for the spiritual growth of God's people, such as a pastor, will likewise reap not only spiritual benefits, but also the material benefits from those for whom he has cared, just as the diligent shepherd has his needs provided for by his sheep (wool and milk; 27:23-27; I Cor. 9:7, 10-14). If the servant has faithfully served his master, the master will honour him (27:18b). God knows the intent and motives of the heart (27:19), and He will bless and honour His servants who faithfully serve Him, as well as reserving for them a future reward (1 Cor. 3:7-9, 14). We must be diligent and faithful to do all things as unto the Lord, wherever the Lord has placed us.

        We also find emphasized here the value of a friend's rebuke. A true, loving friend will rebuke, reproach, and counsel you in the way you should go, since he wants to see you grow in wisdom and in the knowledge of the Lord. His words may sometimes hurt, but they are given in good faith, unlike the deceitful friend who is really no friend at all, for his flatterings and lies do not benefit, but rather cause harm (27:5-6).

        The serious and strong words of counsel from a true and wise friend bring great delight to the heart of the one who is open to receive instruction (27:9); such a teachable spirit is an important qualification for one to be considered wise. The friend's word of reproof "sharpens the countenance" thus helping to build a better character and personality (27:17). It is not only words of reproof that test and refine a person, but words of praise can do the same (27:21). The wise person must be careful that praise and popularity do not lead to pride. These are ways that one can be checked, lest he become puffed up with pride. The wise person will, in the end, thank those who have rebuked him (28:23).

        The Book of Proverbs, as the divinely inspired Word of God, can bring reproof and correction to the receptive reader. The Lord desires that His people represent Him well, and for many the reading of these words of wisdom brings conviction to our hearts, for it draws our attention to areas where we need to improve or change in order to be more godly or Christ-like; for some it may be their temperament, and for others it may be their self-control or diligence. The Lord, who is the source of all wisdom, is pleased when we ask it of Him and desire to become better people. But the most important step to any personal improvement is firstly to seek God and His righteousness, that we might be godly and have a right relationship with Him; then and only then will everything else fall into place in our lives (Mat. 6:33; 1 Tim. 4:8). With the strength and power of His Holy Spirit, we can become like the wise and righteous person described in this book, who walks blamelessly (28:18), has a wellspring of understanding (e.g. 28:5), and does not wander away from the place God desires him to be (27:8).

Prayer

        To seek You first, oh Lord, is our soul's desire. Thank You for the right relationship with You made possible through the blood of Jesus Christ. Continue to renew our minds and grant us Your wisdom as we draw closer to You.


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